• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia. Indonesia is the larges archipelago in the world with over 3000 islands including Borneo, Java and Sumatra. The islands lie on or close to the Equator. The climate is equatorial - hot and wet - and the typical vegetation is tropical rainforest giving Indonesia the name of the 'Amazon of south-east Asia'. Indonesia had 10% of the world's tropical rainforest but rapid deforestation is a major issue for the country. Deforestation is a global issue; it brings both advantages and disadvantages to the countries that have areas of rainforest and to those who depend on the rainforest products. Many are opposed to the development of rainforests because of the negative impact on the ecosystem and the indigenous people. This loss of rainforest and the associated fauna and flora is particularly significant in Indonesia because the country has the largest number of mammal species in the world, with over 20 000 plant species and 17% of the worlds birds. ...read more.

Middle

None of them will recognise any form of land rights by the Moi people. As a result of their protests the Moi have been labelled 'security disturbers' - an official term used to silence any form of indigenous protest. Pollution of air, land and water are all serious problems. Increased soil erosion causes the silting of rivers and streams an increased risk of landslides and mudflows, increased leaching causing loss of soil nutrients, and oil spills from machinery pollute the soils and water. Tree burning increases carbon dioxide levels in the air contributing to global warming. In 1997 air pollution became a serious problem from the forest fires in Indonesia. The fires were a product of deliberate fires lit by loggers and farmers using the slash and burn technique. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1994 wood and wood products produced about $5.5 billion in export earnings. About 70% of the world's hardwoods are exported from Indonesia earning it the nickname 'the plywood king'. The money is valuable to help develop the country economically, to provide for the fasts growing population and to pay off it' large debt. The government's Transmigration policy has destroyed about 900 000ha of rainforest. The scheme clears the forest to make way for settlements and farmland in order to house people prepared to migrate away from the overcrowded cities, especially Jakarta. Deforestation obviously has its disadvantages for Indonesia but without the logging industry the country would not be able to grow economically, support its growing populations and pay off it's large debts. The only reasonable answer is for the country to manage the deforestation more efficiently by controlling how much forest is destroyed, implementing replanting schemes and stopping illegal logging. Hannah Pettit ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Causes of deforestation.

    Global warming rises the Earth's temperature which can result in drought. It can also cause the polar ice caps to melt, which can cause sea levels to rise 2 to 4 cm per year resulting in flooding. With deforestation comes soil loss.

  2. Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia.

    3 billion metres cubed of tropical hardwoods are estimated to be harvested annually, of which only about one in twenty, such as teak, mahogany and ebony, are of economic value. Unwanted trees may be fatally damaged during the felling of target trees, or are cleared to make way for tracks, roads and settlements.

  1. Human Impact on the Ecosystem

    At the current rate of deforestation it is estimated that the rain forests will disappear within 100 years. This means that they will all die out and become extinct. It is estimated that currently 137 species disappear each day. Deforestation can also affect the earth's climate through affecting the green house gases carbon dioxide and water vapour.

  2. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    This is compared to the 0.2 milliequivalents per 100g of K+ exchangeability that is considered to be a critically low level by agricultural standards (Jones, Benton J., Laboratory Guide for Conducting Soil Tests and Plant Analysis, 2001, CRC Press, Appendix E).

  1. Tropical rainforests - causes and effects of deforestation, and possible alternatives to current practices.

    (WRM, 74). Tourism is also an added stress on the environment. In Nepal, for example, tourists who come to climb the Himalayan mountains leave behind tons of trash, and they use more resources per person than the natives. Deforestation of the tropical rainforests impacts the whole world in a massive way.

  2. Evaluate The Impact Of Deforestation In Indonesia.

    Once forests are cleared for agriculture, grazing, or logging, there is no guarantee that the trees can grow back on the impoverished soil. On the local scale, forest ecosystems recycle the rainwater back to the atmosphere through evaporation from the soil and leaf surfaces and through transpiration from plants, a process that is very efficient.

  1. Should the Brazilian government allow continuation of further development in the Amazon rainforest?

    Brazil should also consider measuring trees. This is the idea that trees should only be cut down when they reach a certain size. This will ensure younger trees survive longer and will encourage careful management of the rainforest. Lastly, by introducing a rainforest university, Brazil can educate its people on how to take part in sustainable development.

  2. Contemporary issue assignment

    a unique experience - more so local personality, hospitality and food than "built attractions." Tourism can be used as a tool for raising awareness. Branding of local product and achievements creates regional identity both nationally and internationally. Tourism can also raise awareness of local issues and needs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work