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Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia.

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Introduction

Evaluate the impact of deforestation in Indonesia. Indonesia is the larges archipelago in the world with over 3000 islands including Borneo, Java and Sumatra. The islands lie on or close to the Equator. The climate is equatorial - hot and wet - and the typical vegetation is tropical rainforest giving Indonesia the name of the 'Amazon of south-east Asia'. Indonesia had 10% of the world's tropical rainforest but rapid deforestation is a major issue for the country. Deforestation is a global issue; it brings both advantages and disadvantages to the countries that have areas of rainforest and to those who depend on the rainforest products. Many are opposed to the development of rainforests because of the negative impact on the ecosystem and the indigenous people. This loss of rainforest and the associated fauna and flora is particularly significant in Indonesia because the country has the largest number of mammal species in the world, with over 20 000 plant species and 17% of the worlds birds. ...read more.

Middle

None of them will recognise any form of land rights by the Moi people. As a result of their protests the Moi have been labelled 'security disturbers' - an official term used to silence any form of indigenous protest. Pollution of air, land and water are all serious problems. Increased soil erosion causes the silting of rivers and streams an increased risk of landslides and mudflows, increased leaching causing loss of soil nutrients, and oil spills from machinery pollute the soils and water. Tree burning increases carbon dioxide levels in the air contributing to global warming. In 1997 air pollution became a serious problem from the forest fires in Indonesia. The fires were a product of deliberate fires lit by loggers and farmers using the slash and burn technique. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1994 wood and wood products produced about $5.5 billion in export earnings. About 70% of the world's hardwoods are exported from Indonesia earning it the nickname 'the plywood king'. The money is valuable to help develop the country economically, to provide for the fasts growing population and to pay off it' large debt. The government's Transmigration policy has destroyed about 900 000ha of rainforest. The scheme clears the forest to make way for settlements and farmland in order to house people prepared to migrate away from the overcrowded cities, especially Jakarta. Deforestation obviously has its disadvantages for Indonesia but without the logging industry the country would not be able to grow economically, support its growing populations and pay off it's large debts. The only reasonable answer is for the country to manage the deforestation more efficiently by controlling how much forest is destroyed, implementing replanting schemes and stopping illegal logging. Hannah Pettit ...read more.

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