• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the success of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes of urban decline - essay plan

Extracts from this document...


1. Definitions: 1. Urban decline: decrease in economic activity in an urban area causes it to become run down 2. Regeneration: attracting people back into urban areas after urban decline three types: gentrification, partnership schemes and property led regeneration 1. Arguments: 1. Types of regeneration schemes and their successes 1. Case studies: 1. Islington 2. Hulme 3. Thames gateway 1. Causes of urban decline: 1. Decline in industry: movement of manufacturing overseas causes industry to close, may also move to sites outside of the city centre where rent is cheaper 2. Increase in unemployment: if industry declines then there?ll be a loss of jobs and increase in unemployment. Some unemployed people will move out to find jobs elsewhere. Remaining jobs will be unskilled or low paid 3. Shops and services decline: fewer people to use the shops and services. The people who remain have less disposable income to spend. The shops may be forced to close down and services may decline 4. The physical environment will decline: people who move out and leave empty buildings which may attract crime (vandalism and graffiti) recreational areas neglected and may attract crimes such as drug deals and as the area becomes unattractive less people want to live there. 1. Gentrification: 1. DESCRIBE: when wealthier people move into a run down area and regenerate it by improving their housing. Often causes social changes in the area - lower income groups are replaced by more affluent people 2. ...read more.


However through local government schemes and educational schemes this has the potential to be greatly reduced. 6. Partnership schemes: 1. DESCRIBE: involve local councils working with businesses and local communities to come up with regen plan. Often try to improve the economy and environment in area. Aim to make social improvements e.g. Community centres. 2. SCHEME: one partnership scheme ?city challenge? aimed to regen urban areas. 31 CCPS ran in deprived areas between 92-98 and Government provided 1.14bn and they attracted a total investment of 7.5bn. Cities competed with each other for funding which aimed to regen deprived areas by improving physical environment, economy and QoL 3. CASE STUDY: Hulme CCPS: in the 60?s cleared for redevelopment after it became overcrowded with people living in poor quality houses; locals moved into flats which had problems with pest infestation and poor heating. Families moved out with flats being unlivable and the area suffering with unemployment and crime; in 92 HCCPS formed and Mancs worked with companies to design a 37.5m regen package. The aim was to create a strong community feel by building a mix of housing businesses and shops and community spaces and improving transport links. 4. COMBAT DECLINE: in some respects HCCPS did combat decline: 1. tower blocks were demolished and a variety of new housing was erected with a mixture of council owned houses and private ones to encourage people to move in; was more aesthetically pleasing - population grew by 3.3% in 10 years. ...read more.


Barking train station and local roads were upgraded and existing bus routes will serve the area improving accessibility. There has also been criticisms 1. accused of not listening to residents? opinions e.g. Gave planning permission for a temporary nightclub to be erected close to the Olympic Park despite objections from local residents. There were objections to a proposed tower block at Virginia Quay which local councillors thought didnt provide enough affordable housing leading to overcrowding, lack of parking and loss of open space. 1. In regard to combatting causes of urban decline this scheme seems to help develop areas in regard to social, economic and environmental issues and invited a huge number of people back to the area. Also the opening of the Olympic Park contributed greatly to the rearrival of people to the area and some of it has been converted into affordable housing. Despite having the downfall of local authorities not listening to locals unlike partnership schemes, the benefits seem to greatly outweigh this by taking into account the needs of the locals. 8. Conclusion: there are many different schemes that local authorities can use to help redevelop their area and this provides a means for people to get involved and suggest ideas of what?s needed. These case studies provide evidence that urban decline can be combatted to an extent but factors such as the reputation of an area, the money they have to redevelop and the means of redeveloping all affect to what extent these schemes will be successful. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful are the regeneration schemes in Liverpool?

    4 star(s)

    Much of Liverpool was in decline, but the Merseyside Development Corporation, M.D.C, reclaimed the docks after 1981 and attempted to revive an area of massive dereliction. Other projects also started regeneration including Cathedral Park and Project Rosemary and The Eldonian Village.

  2. Peer reviewed

    With reference to examples, discuss the overall effectiveness of urban regeneration schemes

    4 star(s)

    Previously before regeneration, Albert Dock was suffering environmental decline due to the closing down of the docks. However through the MDC, Albert Dock has been turned into a business park by government and also sites many museums such as the Beatles museum attracting tourism into the area.

  1. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    they where both developed the tobacco docks where turned into shopping area and St Katherine's dock was developed as a tourist area, despite the regeneration of these docks they did not attract they many people to them especially when compared to other places in London.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    and growth of maize as a basic food source and export crop. Due to the maize subsidies the country was almost self-sufficient in maize production. However due to the position of Zambia in southern Africa the countries maize production is constantly under threat from droughts, as in 1982-84, '89 and '90.

  1. An Urban Study Of Sheffield

    are approximately set out. They were devised in the 1920's and 1930's to show how cities were spreading out and what would be built where. The Burgess Model CBD Light Manufacturing Low-Class Residential Medium-Class Residential High-Class Residential The Burgess model was developed in the 1920's it has five rings each one representing a different land zone use.

  2. Dharavi Regeneration Essay

    There are also issues with privacy and security just from shear crowding while the mafia control and profit from illegal activities within Dharavi. Most people do not have access to electricity or T.V.'s which are considered to be more of a luxury.

  1. Outline the regeneration of the London Docklands

    London as a city in 1960 was a city on the grow, the population was becoming much more dense and with car ownership increasing this led to an increase in traffic on the road, and despite the invention of container lorries being able to transport vast quantities of goods, it

  2. Evaluate the success of one Urban Regeneration scheme or policy you have studied [10]

    Despite the economic successes there are social issues surrounding the redevelopment project. For instance the local community felt that their opinions were neglected and discarded by the big redevelopment corporations, TPUDC. For example the Trafford council complained that the development of the Trafford retail centre would cause the closure of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work