• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the usefulness of the range of criteria available for measuring levels of development at a global scale?

Extracts from this document...


Evaluate the usefulness of the range of criteria available for measuring levels of development at a global scale? In the book development and underdevelopment by Garret Nagle, the term development is defined as: "The growth and modernisation of an economy, and an increase in per capita income and gross national product (GNP). While these are important aspects of development, increasing recognition must be given to improving the quality of life of the population, e.g. education, health care, cultural values and housing." Indicators that I am going to use to answer the question are GNP, life expectancy, illiteracy, safe water, infant mortality and population growth. I am also going to use some composite indexes and show how they are used; I will use a range of locations so that we can see how different countries vary. People often believe that development is to do with wealth and money of a country; this is because the most commonly used development indicator is wealth, gross national product (GNP) per capita - the total economic output of a country divided by its population. However this assumes that if a country is wealthy then the quality of life will be high, although high GNP per capita can disguise massive differences in the wealth of individuals and levels of human well being within the country. ...read more.


In figure 2 on the next page it shows us an example of a composite index and the variation between different indicators. From figure 1a on page 3 and figure 1b on page 4 you can see that Switzerland has the highest GNP with 36080, although it doesn't have the best results for life expectancy, illiteracy, infant mortality and population growth. Whereas Japan has got the better result for life expectancy, infant mortality and has a lower population increase but it is let down by safe water as 4% of population don't have access to clean water and has a lower GNP with 28190. However both of these countries compared to Kenya and Ethiopia are much more developed; Kenya GNP is only 310 compared to Switzerland's 36080. The life expectancy is fairly low at 59 years, there is a high level of illiteracy, just over half of the population do not have access to clean water, infant mortality is fairly high and it has a large annual population increase. Ethiopia is the overall least developed country it has the lowest GNP out of all the countries with 110, has the lowest life expectancy with average age of 49 years, only 18% of the whole population have access to clean water and also has the highest infant mortality rate with 122 per 1000 babies dying. ...read more.


which all have a lower HDI value. I have come to the conclusion that there is no index capable of showing the wealth and diversity of different countries, and all the indicators available are too general and ignore inequalities. I have also come to the conclusion that when measuring development the indicators used must be selected very carefully to obtain the results you want, for example: If you require to measure the well being of people within countries you are best to use the human development index, but if you want measure the economic development of a country you need to use indicators like average income and industrial output. Measuring development at the moment doesn't take into account the 'environmentally considerate development' and sustainable development, which is the change that allows improvements to be sustained. Development will continue to be a complex issue, because there will never be an index which will be able to show wealth and well-being, with out including the inequalities. There needs to be improvements in measuring and explaining indicators so that people are aware of the inequalities which are very important, as there are still many challenges facing both industrial and developing countries. With the support of the relevant and reliable measures of development the governments around the world will be able to develop programmes that address the needs of the deprived and ignored people of the world. Measuring development will help to identify the achievements of countries, and allow strategies for countries who are trying to move forward. 1 Ben King ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Can developing countries ever catch up with developed countries

    One of the reasons for pay differentials between north and south is the concentration of so-called "human capital" - skills, education and the like - in northern countries. Can underdeveloped countries "catch up" by educating their own populations? Even where this is possible (keeping in mind IMF demands for public spending cutbacks), it is unlikely.

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    Range of Employment Opportunities in Leisure and Recreation There are many types of businesses in this industry each type of business requires a different type of person, different type of character and also a different qualification. So this industry offers employment opportunities for all people.

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    The public sector has lagged behind in this area. Most park managers give scant attention to visitor use quality, the prevailing attitude being that the consumers take, or leave, what is provided. This approach is faltering as sophisticated international ecotourists differentially utilise those locales providing higher levels of visitation quality (Eagles, 1995b).

  2. sustainable tourism in kenya

    Empirical research however, indicated that direct sharing of benefits accruing from wildlife conservation and tourism were better appreciated by the local communities. These inadequacies which were inherent in the conservation policies of the 1970's thus led to the current concept of sustainable wildlife utilisation whereby economic sense and the utility

  1. How is Lancaster making development more sustainable?

    In addition, with careful layout and design, other parts of the main Kingsway site offer the potential to introduce high density, quality residential development. The site's frontage to Parliament Street, where southbound traffic is at present restricted to buses, is particularly suitable for housing.

  2. Overall the investigation I carried out to see if the Greenwich peninsula had been ...

    The multiplex cinema consists of 2,500 seats over four floors. It is designed to serve the people of the Greenwich peninsula and also the visitors (Fig 2.8). Adjacent to the cinema there are three restaurants - Nandos (Fig 2.5), the Pizza hut (Fig2.6)

  1. 'The key to meaningful development in the Global South is debt reduction or debt ...

    measures were seen by many as 'too little, too late,' as the proposal was to a large extent conditional. Norbert Walter, the chief economist at Deutsche Bank said that 'we are demonstrating that we are active and concerned, but unless we really invest in establishing civil society in these countries,

  2. Examine the Indicators used to measure development and assess their usefulness

    reality, due to the measurement?s ignorance towards certain aspects of an economy. The GDP?s frequent use implies that it is the only measurement for economic growth, which is false. Other indicators of economic development include Purchasing Power Parity (PPP), which is basically GNP adjusted to local living costs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work