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Examine the causes and consequences of the rise of manufacturing industry in NIC's.

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Introduction

Examine the causes and consequences of the rise of manufacturing industry in NIC's An NIC (newly industrialised country), these are countries which have undergone recent and rapid industrialisation in the last 30 years. Taiwan and Thailand are both examples of NIC's. The causes of a rise in manufacturing industry's are that they are cheaper (material and labour), less rules, and aid from MEDC's. The consequences of a rise in manufacturing industry's are, there will be less jobs in medc's, ledc's will be exploited and there will be negative affects on the environment. I am going to discuss each of these causes and consequences. There are three main causes that I am going to examine in this essay, they all are a have influenced the rise of manufacturing industries in NIC's. Cheap labour is definitely a cause to the rise of manufacturing industry's in NIC's. This is a cause, as manufacturing companies want to exploit this advantage. If there is cheap labour in a place then companies will want to move there and use this cheap labour source as way of minimising their costs. ...read more.

Middle

With this economic aid (money) they are able to develop the manufacturing industry and make cuts on imports, with extra money they do not have to import everything that the need. With this technological aid they are able to use much more sophisticated machinery to construct their products, this therefore means that they do not need to hire as much labour as the machines will be able to do their job's. And ultimately this is going to reduce their costs on hiring labour. Both of these aids will mean that they are able to focus on the development of manufacturing industry and the use of new, more sophisticated technology. There are three main consequences that I am going to examine in this essay, they are all a consequence of a rise of manufacturing industries in NIC's. The rise of manufacturing industries in NIC's can have a sever effect on the environment. Due to there being a rise in manufacturing industries there is going to many more factories in the country. ...read more.

Conclusion

LEDC's can exploit the rise of manufacturing industries by not controlling the growth. If they do not control the growth then they will be lots of factories being built and causing more and more pollution. This can lead to the people in these countries becoming very unhappy. This was the case in Taiwan where a growing environmental awareness led to mass protests and demonstrations. During the 1990's environmental movements block the building of power stations. To conclude what I have written in this essay I would say that NIC's need to be careful when they develop. They need to make sure that they control the growth of manufacturing industries and not let them get out of control. Otherwise this can have negative affects, not only in their country but also on other countries. The affect that they can have on the environment is a big factor and one, which really needs to be taken into consideration with any countries development in manufacturing industries. NIC's need to be careful as they can easily get themselves into debt when they borrow money to develop. The causes and consequences do balance each other and are not only the fault on the country that is developing. ...read more.

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