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Examine the factors influencing China's changing energy mix

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Introduction

´╗┐Examine the factors which have influenced China?s Changing Energy Mix (15 marks): Energy mix is the amount of each of the different sources of energy a country uses for industry, transport and in homes (countries rarely rely on one source for all their energy needs due to energy security concerns) this is often shown as a percentage. China?s energy mix has changed drastically over the past decades and continues to make the move towards utilising gas as a source of energy whilst there?s been a declining use of coal. This is due to several factors some of which includes the need to maintain security of supply at affordable prices for growing industrial and domestic demands, as well as need to improve environmental pollution. China has the largest and one of the fastest growing economies in the world, doubling in size every eight years, and as standards of living increase industrial output increases simultaneously. China has become the world?s second largest energy consumer, consuming 0.03 billion tonnes more of oil equivalent more than the US in 2009, compared to just half a decade before. ...read more.

Middle

Insufficient rail capacity is a reason that china has begun to import coal in the south and east, becoming the second largest importer of coal in 2009 (imported from Australia, Indonesia and Vietnam) In 2006 there was plans to reconstruct the coal sector and establish five giant conglomerates in China?s main coal producing provinces and close down small mines by 2015-improving safety. However a general decline in the use of coal (the dirtiest of fossil fuels) has been triggered due to pressure to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from the country itself and also the global community to prevent the foreseeable environmental consequences. Until the early 1990 China was an exporter of oil but now imports a substantial amount to meet the consumption demand of 8.6 barrels daily, 10.4% of world?s consumption. This shift from exporter to large scale importer demonstrated China?s investment in secure overseas sources of supply with long term contracts made between Latin America, the Middle East and Asia, deals with Iraq have however drawn international criticism over unstable political systems. ...read more.

Conclusion

becoming self sufficient in reactor design and construction with a further 124 nuclear reactors on the drawing board-therefore is less reliant on overseas expertise and more energy secure. The renewable energy capacity reached 226GW in 2009 contributing to over a quarter of electricity capacity from the major contributor of hydroelectricity from the Three Gorges Dam across the Yangtze river the world?s largest electricity generating plant as well as growing wind power capacity growing thirtyfold between 2005-9. In 2008 there was the development of an offshore wind farm policy and is the largest turbine manufacturing industry as well as the largest manufacturer of solar Panels finding use in domestic systems such as the hot water market. Overall several factors have contributed from the shift from mining coal to sourcing various other energy supplies from elsewhere or harnesses sing natural renewable energy. The overall plan is to reduce reliance on coal and to play a role in the green energy manufacturing business, allowing china to pursue its required energy expansion for the growing population with reasonably secureenergy supplies. ...read more.

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