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Examples of Problems of ELDCs and how they are attempted to be solved

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Introduction

15/3/03 9R Examples of Problems of ELDCs and how they are attempted to be solved Every city had to start somewhere. No matter how much it has boomed, it still once faced the serious problems of urban growth. Even the most prosperous cities today such as Paris and New York had to go through a dreaded period of troubles at some stage, just like many have to encounter at present. These affluent cities in are nowadays labeled to be in EMDCs (Economically More Developed Countries), while the not-so-fortunate cities are categorized in the ELDCs (Economically Less Developed Countries). Cities in ELDCs stumble upon several dilemmas such as overpopulation, gridlock, not enough land to expand, air pollution, etc. Every city, though, tries its' best to solve their problems. The point is that this doesn't always work. The following thesis will discuss a number of cities in ELDCs that face problems like these, and how they are attempted towards resolution. These cities will be: Bangkok, Cairo, and Jakarta. The concept "looks can be deceiving" is instantly sprung into action when discussing the economy of the city of Bangkok in Thailand. When perceived by an outsider, Bangkok is a completely developed city with a great deal to offer. However, it is fully mistaken by its bright lights and magnificent architecture, because for certain inhabitants, Bangkok is a hard life out in the city. It is known as a primate city, which is a metropolis that involves very much rural to urban migration. In fact, Bangkok is one of the most dominant primate cities in the world. ...read more.

Middle

It has undergone many of the political, economic, and social conditions of Egypt, which has influenced its growth and its path of urban development. These difficulties of the past has resulted to a wise and experienced Cairo that is at present not only the country's capital, but also its centre of economy, social activity, service, and administration. The city's size and rapid increase have resulted in crucial tribulations in most aspects of the life of its population. Much of Cairo's urbanization is a consequence of rural to urban migration. To define more clearly, in Egypt, excessive rates of natural increase partially explain for rapid urban growth rates. Within the urban portion of Egypt, large centers such as Cairo have undergone more of a population increase than both medium and small-sized centers put together. While the population of Egypt has only increased 5 times its populace in the 20th century, the amount of inhabitants in Cairo itself have increased by almost 16 times. When studied, it is clear that the major demographic change of Cairo's populace occurred in the 19th century when death rates began to deteriorate while birth rates stayed constant. The overpopulation of Cairo has resulted to a series of other problems such as a lack of water and sewage systems, unemployment, gridlock, etc., making the situation quite similar to Bangkoks' but not as severe. As a solution to his problem, new dormitory towns are built (e.g. El Obour), and new satellite towns are built (e.g. Sadat City). These are all linked with other existing cities, and are purposed to shift the limelight away from Cairo. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is when the land in the city is costly and unavailable, so the rural-urban migrates must settle at the outskirts of the city. It becomes a cycle, and the borders of Jakarta grow wider and wider. Unintentional, this development is happening at the expense of major agricultural land and ecologically responsive areas. The businesses and houses usually huddle among the main roads, while vast tracks between the roads stay unoccupied and empty. If this routine persists, Jakarta will suffer from higher infrastructure (road) cost and excessive energy utilization in the future. The land use problem of Jakarta has not been focused on at the moment, as Jakarta still has many other more important tribulations it is attempting to solve, such as water pollution. After investigating the cities above, it is very easy to see that ELDCs face a great deal of problems. By just analyzing two countries, I can already see that many of the problems developing countries have are similar. Dilemmas such as population increase, traffic congestion and poor housing ruin the future for these cities. Every largely developed city in the world was once a developing city though, and these problems, being a part of city growth, are known as growing pains. Some cities, however, bring it on themselves, due to great lack of planning. Planning for a new town is not particularly easy, and not something that can be rushed into. There are numerous things to consider, and when many of them are left out, one ends up with a city like Jakarta. Even if cities do actually encounter some of these problems, strategies of resolution must be started upon immediately. This continues until one fine day, when they will be proudly be labeled an 'EMDC'. ...read more.

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