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Explain and discuss the main contributions that business can make to the environment.

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Introduction

Research skills (DRAFT) Hossay Momand Explain and discuss the main contributions that business can make to the environment. Environment is the circumstances, objects, or conditions by which one is surrounded the complex of physical, chemical, and biotic factors (as climate, soil, and living things) that act upon an organism or an ecological community and ultimately determine its form and survival the aggregate of social and cultural conditions that influence the life of an individual or community. Why is it that we talk about the environment, about social responsibility? It is because if we are interested in the Future and if we are interested in peace and stability and in our own Businesses, we have to be interested in things beyond finance. We have to be interested in the world in which we operate, and be interested in the social and structural considerations that go along with it. Due to industrialisation we have witnessed a lot of damage that has been made to the environment, so much so that the future generations will have a world much worse than what we have today. ...read more.

Middle

used as an insulator of electrical switch gear; � Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used in refrigerators and air conditioning, and already covered by the earlier Montreal Protocol; � Carbon dioxide (CO2) and carbon monoxide (CO), one quarter of emissions are produced by vehicle exhausts The concentration of these gases in the atmosphere is increased by human activities such as burning of fossil fuels deforestation and the decay of peat bogs. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is thought to be the biggest contributor to global warming. Global warming occurs as the gases collect in the atmosphere and block infra-red radiation being emitted by the earth into space. Thus the temperature on the earth's surface and in the lower atmosphere rises - the 'greenhouse effect'. � Increased illness and death from air pollution and extreme weather conditions; � Spread of infectious diseases carried by mosquitoes and other vectors; � Increased outbreaks of water-borne diseases; � Scarcity of drinking water due to drought, flooding and rising seas; � Effects on micro-organisms that could threaten food production and alter life-supporting ecosystems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Their are measures to reduce the impact of road transport on the environment by reducing dependence on the private car and encouraging public transport, walking and cycling. Also despite all the pessimism some are optimistic and believe that ''Without a green revolution the world couldn't have fed the 2 billion extra citizens who've been added to its population since 1960.'' ''Without the investment in basic engineering which provided sewerage systems and clean water the towns and cities of the world would have been overwhelmed by sickness and disease''. There are a number of things that act towards a more positive approach to the environment on behalf of business - legislation and regulation, consumer and commercial pressures and supply chain pressures being the major ones. In many ways these revolve around the role of Government. In conclusion it can be said that although much has been done and is still continuing to be done to improve the quality of the environment we live in, it is still not enough as cities like Mexico and other developing countries seem to have lost control over their environment due to the pressures of increased population and low economic state. ...read more.

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