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Explain how the new farming ideas of the Agricultural revolution were spread around the country

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Introduction

Millie Popovic History Exam Question 1. a. Explain how the new farming ideas of the Agricultural revolution were spread around the country. (4) Many farmers of this time were experimenting, with different techniques of farming, and many wrote books of specific topics that they had trialled. One of these men was called Jethro Tull. He had invented the horse hoe and wrote a book called "Horse Hoeing Husbandry". His invention was not very successful until after his death, as it tended to break very easily. Many Farmers of this time however, were not educated, and could not read or write, so therefore did not know about his ideas and methods. Another for of spreading ideas was through model farms. These were working farms that tested new ideas, and other farmers and members of the public could come and see how they worked. This meant that people could go and take back ideas to try on there own farms. ...read more.

Middle

Many people went on tours of the county too, to talk to the poor people, that could not read the magazines or books, and who couldn't go to see the model farms. Between 1793 and 1820 Young went and spoke in person to people, and he was very good at persuading people. 1. b. Explain why it was necessary to produce more food by the end of the 18th century? (6) With the industrial revolution, more people were moving to the bigger towns`` in search of work. In between 1750-1900 there was a huge change in the population distribution, e.g. in 1750 75% of people lived and worked in rural society but by 1900, that was 25% and vice versa. This meant there were fewer farmers and more people who needed to buy food. In the boom years when labourers had more money, parents had had more babies. Because the average person's diet was improving, more of these babies had survived, and so those babies were now young men and women, just at the time when work was hard to find. ...read more.

Conclusion

1. c. The effects of introducing Enclosure were good. Do you agree? Explain your answer. (10) I think that the effects of enclosure were good in the long run, but the effects short term were not good for the poor especially. Because of the layout of the Open Field System, it was very hard to try out new ideas. This meant that there was not much room for development, but with enclosure, farmers could try new methods like the Threashing Machine, invented by Andrew Mickle in 1786. Land owners and large tenant farmers did well out of enclosure, for example they could try selective breading which would give them fatter and healthier animals. Selective breeding was developed by Robert Bakewell (1725-1793), and the Colling brothers. They were from County Durham and adopted Robert Bakewell's ideas and developed another breed called Shortham cattle. As a result of these changes, food production increased and this made the larger farmers very rich. However it was also good for the growing population as they would get fed and the new industrial towns would grow. ...read more.

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