• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why some physical environments attract more human activity than others

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Geography essay Explain why some physical environments attract more human activity than others. (25 marks) Human activity can be defined as the actions of people, and can be categorised into settlement, agriculture, industry, communication and tourism. Human activity can be dependant on the development of a location, and this can be directly linked to the physical environment. Each physical environment can provide opportunities and risks to humans and human activity, and dictates the level and type of activity present. To explain why this is, I intend to discuss three different physical environments, including tectonics, coastal and fluvial; the way in which they affect human activity in all categories. Tectonic locations have a large influence over in which human activity is situated. One main feature of tectonics is volcanic activity. Volcanoes occur in various areas all over the world, but the nature of the volcanic activity dictates the way it can be utilised or to the extent to which it is a hazard. If the volcano is on a small scale, hardly if ever erupting then it is likely there will be a lot of human activity present. Most human activity around volcanoes drops into the agricultural category. ...read more.

Middle

An example which combines both volcanic and earthquake activity would be Mt. Pinatubo in the Philippines, 1991. There was an initial volcanic eruption which created a lot of damage. The evacuation zone was 40km, and no wonder as 300 deaths were counted, 8000 houses were destroyed, 73000 damaged, 800000 livestock were killed and there were also damage to the healthcare due to the spread of disease. The countries GDP fell by 3% in one year. When looking at coastal areas the human activity differs greatly in use than that of tectonic areas. Coastal areas have a much more beneficial use, especially in MEDCs. Industry is a main land use, being near to the sea provides major communication links and trading points. A country can really benefit from this, and an MEDC utilises it to gain cheap but necessary materials from the LEDCs (who in turn also benefit). The fishing industry in less economically developed countries is quite successful. The land is also fertile, much like the tectonic areas. This is great for agriculture and linked with the ports can provide a steady income for farmers. A coastal area is beautiful scenery, and never fails to attract tourism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The lack of settlement on surrounding areas results in few casualties and little damage at all. After looking at the three main physical environments I can see that the human activity present depends greatly on whether the location is an MEDC or an LEDC. In all three environments the supply of fertile soils for agricultural purposes and the attraction for industry and tourism have major effect on an LEDC and an MEDC. These factors create a good economy and a stable food source so it is a necessity however much the country is developed. When it comes to an LEDC the more risky and dangerous areas such as tectonics seem to have a lot more human activity. The dangers involved simply don't match up to the economy and need for stable food; the affects are also less compared to an MEDC, where the dangers are more risky and easily avoided. A fluvial environment creates a good agricultural source but lacks in all other aspects for human activity to thrives, which is mainly why farmers are situated here. Settlements are greatly attracted to those that oppose threat and provide day to day amenities. The ideal location for human activity in MEDCs is definitely on the coast. For LEDCs it has to tectonic areas. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ryan Moore ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

    Furthermore, several trains were de-railed and 120 out of 150 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed. Electricity, gas and water supplies were disrupted and because of the broken gas pipes, many fires broke out in the region which ruptured electricity mains.

  2. Earthquakes-Why do some areas suffer more than others?

    Destructive margins on the other hand create much stronger forces, as one of the plates becomes subducted under the other. This requires tremendous amounts of energy, which are released as earthquakes. This correlates to high number of earthquakes at destructive plate margins as higher energies are exerted.

  1. Discuss how a tectonic hazard can be viewed as purely physical processes.

    As can be seen in the picture, the older wooden buildings collapsed easily under the force of the earthquake as they didn't have good foundations and anyone inside would be seriously injured or killed which has accounted for the high death toll.

  2. Mount St. Helens - Natural disasters.

    According to an article in the Longview Daily News, water normally a pH of 6.8 had decreased to 6.1 in the river and to 5.8 in the hatchery water. Water with a pH of 5.5 would begin to cause extreme stress to the fish.

  1. Hurricanes occur in MEDC's (More Economically Developed Countries) and in LEDC's (Less Economically Developed ...

    together at the edges but the rest of each plate is continuing to move, so the rocks along the edges are distorted. As the motion continues, the strain builds up to the point where the rock can not stand any more bending.

  2. Earthquakes: Why do some places suffer more than others?

    It is often suggested that LEDCs suffer much more from the effects of earthquakes than MEDCs and, whilst this is a generalisation, broadly speaking it is true, particularly in terms of human impacts. All things being equal, a less economically developed country, with its less restrictive building standards and its

  1. Volcanic and seismic events are major pieces of evidence towards proving that plate-tectonics theory ...

    As a mechanism to drive this system, Hess revived the idea (proposed in the 1930s and 1940s by Arthur Holmes and others) of thermal convection cells in the mantle; that is, hot magma rises from the mantle, intrudes along fractures deï¬ning oceanic ridges, and thus forms new crust.

  2. Tectonic Activity - A general introduction

    Mass movement ? e.g. landslides / avalanches ? loss of structure within a body of soil, rock or snow. For example, Jan 2001 near El Salvador, an earthquake measuring 7.6 triggered a landslide in the suburban town of Las Colinas, killing more than 500.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work