• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Factors Influencing Location.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Factors Influencing Location Sometimes firms have to decide where to build a new factory. It is important to consider the different costs of different locations. Businessmen take into account the natural and acquired advantages of a particular area. Natural Advantages * An area may have a water source for waste disposal or cooling. * An area may be flat or isolated and attract dangerous or unpleasant industries. * An area may have the right climate for the production of a good. * Weight-losing industries use bulky raw materials to produce a compact finished product and tend to locate near the source of raw materials. Acquired Advantages An area may have developed a number of advantages as the result of firms locating in the region. ...read more.

Middle

See Table 6.1 Table 6.1 Structure of UK industry by region Region Type of industry North Traditional heavy industry concentrated around Tyneside and Teeside Yorks and Humber Iron and steel; textiles and clothing; coal; fishing East Midlands Diverse industry but specialises in hosiery, footwear and clothing East Anglia Agriculture and food processing; footwear and tourism; micro technology South East Financial and commercial centre; technological and light engineering South West Agriculture and food processing; tourism; aerospace; tobacco West Midlands Mechanical and electrical engineering; vehicles; iron and steel; potteries North West Heavy engineering; cotton; clothing; glass; chemicals; vehicles Wales Coal, iron and steel in S. Wales. Agriculture; light engineering Scotland North Sea oil; agriculture; shipbuilding; tourism Northern Ireland Shipbuilding; textiles Recent Changes in the Structure of UK Industry * Declining industries. ...read more.

Conclusion

Areas with below-average income per person and high unemployment are depressed regions. They usually have a large concentration of declining industries and are remote from the major markets. New firms prefer to locate in the expanding South East. The gap between the prosperous South East and the rest of the country is growing. New firms are attracted to the South East by the extensive motorway and air links and the availability of workers familiar with the new technologies. For example, computer-based, high-technology firms have located along the M4 motorway corridor west of London. Government Regional Policy Footloose firms can be attracted to depressed regions by government grants. The government offers: * Urban development loan. * Regional selective assistance. Firms locating in intermediate development areas may receive a grant towards machinery and training costs. * Enterprise Zones. These are small areas situated mainly in inner-city areas where rate and rent allowances are provided by the government. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region

    The scheme is projected to create 2,200 new jobs in the area thus helping to improve conditions within the city. There are also many schemes scheduled to take place in the Wirral, in an attempt to improve employment, social,

  2. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    *** indicates 99% significant level of Spearman's rank coefficient (one-tailed test). 2. China's seven regional marketstci Growth market. Regional markets in the South and East represent China's "growth markets". They are more advanced in economic development and have more affluent consumers than hinterland provinces.

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Fine textured (clayey or clayey loam) soils resist breaking. Ribbon test - Squeeze a moistened ball of soil out between your thumb and fingers. Sandy soils will not ribbon. Loam, silt, silty clay loam or clay loam soil ribbons less than 1 inch. Sandy clay loam, silty clay loam or clay loam ribbons 1 to 2 inches.

  2. Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of the use of Fertilisers and Pesticides in Agriculture

    When water is abstracted to supply drinking water, pesticides which have not degraded are present as contaminants. The chemicals in pesticides are potentially very dangerous to man and may be toxic even at low concentrations.16 There are though two possible solutions to avoid the contamination of water.

  1. Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry In the 20th century the factors affecting the ...

    Many 19th century industries can therefore be seen in areas that became known for the particular products made there. For example, the steel industries in Sheffield and South Wales, and the car industry in Birmingham. However, in the 20th century the switch from secondary industries to more quaternary industries, meant

  2. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    Longe Industries could claim an actual loss of those opportunity costs. * Violation of patent law: Longe Industries had filed a patent application for the Longe Arm 7000 series axles. The design of the 7000 series included a twin arm trailing axle that attached to the truck bed, rather than the truck frame.

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    By the early 1980s however, it became very clear that the integration of islands into a coherent system was an insurmountable task, and highlighted the need for a holistic, integrated approach to manufacturing, for which CIM was an excellent candidate.

  2. Examine the changing importance of transport costs on the location of industry

    This model has proved to be quite accurate in the past, with breweries being found in every town (for example Archers in Swindon), and iron and steel industry-related factories being found in south Wales where iron ore was being extracted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work