• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

From a sociological perspective, what do the effects of demographic change have on the social structure of the community of Exeter?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

From a sociological perspective, what do the effects of demographic change have on the social structure of the community of Exeter? Objectives: 1) To create a research project loosely based on the study proposed by W. M. Williams, A West Country Village: Ashworthy: Family, Kinship and Land. 2) Concentrate on the sociological issues that arise from demographic change in a city community, including family, kinship, class and age. 3) Look at Exeter's population change over the past 20 years. 4) Research Methods: i) Conduct a questionnaire to be carried out in Exeter. ii) Collect secondary data relevant to the project (e.g. census data) iii) Map the shops and services in the high street to gain an understanding of what age groups Exeter wants to attract. iv) Find out if there is a strong sense of community by finding out what clubs and societies are available. v) Look at religion in the community. 2001 Census Results for South West Region From the census data one was able to see that, during the last 20 years the South West's population has grown by over half a million, the fastest growing region in this period. However out of all the places in the south west that have experienced demographic change Exeter has experienced relatively low population growth of about 10.5% The South West has also shown a growth in its 'retirement' population by a fifth since 1991. ...read more.

Middle

Also find out the type of job industry the individual is in, primary, secondary, tertiary or quaternary, as this would show a change in work patterns between the young and the old. Transport and communication are also key factors in keeping family and kinship bonds strong. Another issue to be looked at is, does the large student population have an effect on family and kinship structures in Exeter? Also by finding out the number of local people that attend the university compared to the number of people who live outside of Devon this would show if family and kinship bonds are less strong amongst the younger members of society. Other factors that should be taken into account when conducting this project are, to find out whether Exeter has an ageing population. This would effect family and kinship systems as the young for example may move away to find better jobs or education i.e. university. One could also see how the change in attitudes towards women in the work place has had an effect on the social structure. Also the change in industry could attribute towards the social structure of the community of Exeter. In Britain, the census provides useful demographic information that can highlight areas for particular study. ...read more.

Conclusion

The disadvantages in the study include the fact that causation of population change is difficult to establish, and that with the types of data used, it is hard to be very specific about the background changes that affect population dynamics (Robins 1996:14). The final outcome of Robins' study found that during the colonial period fertility levels increased dramatically, resulting in a rapid growth in population. This was attributed to the influence of western values and the advent of capitalism. The second study looked at was one carried out by Akim J. Mturi and Sian L. Curtis, Fertility, Infant Mortality and Family Planning Policy in Tanzania. They studied the effects of these factors on population change, and tried to find out whether family formation patterns have a direct or only a background effect on infant mortality. The study analyses the potential impact of the family planning programme in Tanzania on the infant mortality rate. The central research method used in the study is the data collected in the 1991/1992 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey which contains data gleaned from interviews conducted on all women between the ages of 15 and 49 in selected households. Other similar surveys are used to add to the data. This information produces a range of statistical data, which is then analysed to produce a table showing the distribution of births. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    inter-generational poverty and of the increasing asset/land concentration and marginalisation of the poor) and alternative targeting criteria (such as adult death and/or household dependency ratios) for poverty alleviation programmes. Food security and sustainable livelihoods: The dynamics of labour mobility/ migration and food security/sustainable livelihoods are critical dimensions of HIV transmission and impact.

  2. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    It was, quite simply, the surplus population which was removed, the last stage of progressive cull which had begun at least eighty years before the Black Death. In the countryside marginal lands which had been newly colonised were abandoned as agriculture contracted back onto the best lands.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    and "Where are our millions of jobs?" Some label the president a traitor. One scathing political poster still taped to windows here depicts the Brazilian leader with a foot-long nose and calls him Pinocchio. Lula's approval ratings have plunged to their lowest in Sao Paulo, according to a poll released May 22.

  2. Global Community and Immigration in the United States

    "the growth in immigrant-related poverty accounting for three million or 75 percent of the increase in the size of the poor population in the United States." (ibid) This now means that immigrant households comprise such a large percentage of the poor that they have an impact on the nation's overall poverty rate.

  1. Migration Patterns

    - Long distance migration is more likely to be to large centers of industry and commerce. According to my results, there are few long distance migrations. In fact I have only noticed one that is relatively obvious, and it

  2. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    The third and last questionnaire was about Purley's services. There is evidence that Purley consists of several good access as over eight buses were mentioned by 22 people as the questionnaire revealed. The bus that occurred the most was the number '60' as 8 people out of 22 used this bus.

  1. Economics Essay on the change of the demographic characteristics of indonesia

    and as the family size shrinks, it is expected that the number of people living on the productive output of working people would go down considerably. Access to sanitation 70% [82nd of 129] Birth rate, crude > per 1,000 people 19.9 per 1,000 people [95th of 195] DEFINITION: Crude birth

  2. Changes in Demographic Characteristics of Indonesia

    drive the economy forward and developing industries which in turn creates job opportunities of those who are unemployed and also those who live in poverty. Another good indicator of how a country?s services are is the infant mortality rate. It is defined as the number of infant deaths (one year or younger)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work