• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Functions of settlements - Differences between urban and rural settlement.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Functions of Settlements As early settlements grew in size, each one tended to develop a specific function or Functions. The function of a town relates to its economic and social development and refers to its main activities. There are problems in defining and determining a town's main function and often, due to a lack of data such as employment and/or income Figures, subjective decisions have to be made. As settlements are very diverse, it helps to try to group together those with a similar function. Over the years, numerous attempts have been made to classify settlements based on function, but these tended to refer to places in industrialized countries and are no longer applicable to post-industrial societies. ...read more.

Middle

~ Population Size: There is a wide discrepancy of views over the minimum size of population required to enable a settlement to be termed a town, e.g. in Denmark it is considered to be 250 people, in Ireland 500, in France 2000, in the USA 2500, in Spain 10 000 and in Japan 30 000. In India, where many villages are larger than British towns, a figure of less than 25 per cent engaged in agriculture is taken to be the dividing point. ~ Economic: Rural settlements have traditionally been defined as places where most of the workforce are farmers or are engaged in other primary activities. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has becoming increasingly more difficult to differentiate between villages and towns, especially where urban areas have spread out wards into the rural fringe. It is, therefore, more realistic to talk about a transition zone from `strongly rural' to `strongly urban'. Cloke devised an index of rurality based upon 16 variables taken largely from census data for England and Wales. These variables included people aged over 65, pro portion employed in primary, secondary and tertiary sectors, population density, population mobility (those moving home in the previous 5 years); proportion commuting; and distance from a large town. Cloke then identified four categories: . extreme rural . intermediate rural . intermediate non-rural . extreme non-rural ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Comparing Britian to France

    Hours worked over 2 1/2 months UK 1673 France 1453 Here you can see that English workers work longer than the French. This means the French will have more time to live their own lives away from work there having a better quality if life as they will be able to spend more time with their families.

  2. Why was Malthus wrong about Japan?

    Malthus had some general thoughts on population, not specific to Japan, but which are also wrong in Japans case. Malthus believed that 'man (sic) does not like hard work', and this is why subsistence cannot take keep pace with population.

  1. Growth Functions.

    Secondly, the graph also ignores the maximum limit the population can reach. The population can not reproduce forever; it will reach a limit and then remain constant. If both of these factors were taken into consideration, the graph would then represent the actual growth of the bacteria population. iii. a)

  2. "What is the relation between the image of the 'rural' and the idea of ...

    Three families, the Schlegel family, the Wilcox family, and the Bast family represent the three social classes in this novel. These three families are a good depiction of the types of people dwelling in the main English cities of that time. The first of these families is the Wilcox family.

  1. The rural aftermath - The effects of the plagues.

    The next batch of plagues, however, hit the children of the survivors and this had a significant knock on effect for the regeneration of the population. At first sight this might seem to have alleviated the pressure on land before 1348.

  2. "How do the characteristics of the villages Navenby and Dorrington differ?"

    I will have to collect my information from resources such as information centres; exploring the villages themselves and also noting anything that relates with the site and situations of the villages and then to compare them when I get home and write up the differences.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work