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GEOGRAPHY GCSE CASE STUDIES AND NOTES

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Introduction

Hints and tips GEOGRAPHY GCSE CASE STUDIES AND NOTES Use geographical terms in your answers wherever possible Understand meaning of terms used in questions:- explain = give reasons for describe = say what it shows distribution = how things are arranged, where they can be found relief = shape of the land layout = where things are pattern/trend = things that are the same site = actual position situation = its surroundings rural/urban = country/town input/output housing tenure/density = ownership/how many in a given area ecosystem = area sharing common characteristics Theme 3 - Settlement Settlements dispersed, linear, nuclear Models:- Burgess (concentric circle)

Middle

Shopping Hierarchies increased mobility - cars to wider range of shops, offering more stock accessibility - urban roads & motorways improved bulk buying - cheaper, shop once/twice a month (paid monthly) space - shopping centres need space, therefore often edge-of-city locations population movement - population moving out of urban areas Land use changes in a city because 1. ageing of parts of the city 1.

Conclusion

Disadvantages of living in city: pollution, housing and urban decay, ethnic divisions, unemployment and crime, traffic congestion. Urban & Rural Settlements CBD (central business district) - high order centre, selling luxury & specialist goods Secondary centres & suburban parades - middle order centre (usually several) selling convenience and specialist goods. Corner shops - low order centre (many) selling convenience goods. Catchment area = area around the store that it caters for, the areas from which people come from to shop at the store.

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