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Give a brief geographical description of China and UK; mention location, and economic status.

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Introduction

Give a brief geographical description of China and UK; mention location, and economic status. UK China GDP $1,543.9bn $1,161.6bn GDP per head $25,900 $909 Population 59.62m 1.278bn GDP Growth 2.8% 7.5% Inflation 2.4% 1.4% Farming Pop. 1.7% 15.0% > The UK's economy is now experiencing an eighth consecutive year of solid growth, stable inflation and falling unemployment. During 2001 growth will slow as the growth in unemployment begins to fall. The pound will begin to weaken against the Euro. Speculation about the UK's position on joining the European single currency will continue. > China's economy will enjoy continued growth, after making an economic recovery in 2000. In 2001 reforms within the Chinese economy will push up unemployment, as state owned enterprises are privatised. As a result the government will be attempting to boost the economy. > The UK is situated in Western Europe; it is between the Irish Sea and the North Sea, northwest of France. The UK has a total land area of 241,590 sq km and a total coastline length of 12,429 km. The terrain of the UK is rugged and low mountains in the west and flat plains in the east and southeast. > China is located in eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea. ...read more.

Middle

The government knew that with a growth rate this large the country's resources would not be able to sustain such growth. In 1970 the target was set to reduce growth and allow the population to peak in the year 2000, at approximately 1.2 billion people, on 1/5 of the world's total population. > As well as this aim a further aim was to reduce the population to 700 million by 2010, as this was thought to be an acceptable number of people given the country's resources. > State family planning was introduced in the 1970s, this was not as effective as it was hoped and the average number of children per family was 3. This figure was thought to be far too high. By 1979 a one child per family was introduced, this was a government policy and was backed up in a number of ways. Benefits and free schooling were available, however, these benefits were cut on the birth of a second child into the family. Fines were also imposed on the families that had a second child; all of their policies put people off having children. Age limits were set on marriages, 22 for men, and 20 for women. ...read more.

Conclusion

There are several possible consequences of these large-scale movements; there are racial, religious, economic, and social problems that may be encountered. International migration causes most problems as this can result and often does result in racial problems. People become angry that foreign people come to countries and take the employment. Internal and international migration can result in problems with infrastructure, extra pressures for housing, food, gas, electricity etc. In many cases there are problems to do with lack of employment as people are misled about levels of available work in certain places. 6. As a conclusion describe and explain what the future holds for both countries. > China will probably continue to struggle with population; it is so large that their problems will continue for some time into the future. Some increases in population have increased due to the relaxation of laws so this will have to be tackled. As population does increase it will be important that the government keeps the infrastructure of the country at a good standard to cope with the high population. > For the UK the future could hold a possible stage 5 in the demographic transition model, this could result in problems. An aging population will need looking after and this will need to be funded and maintained. The old people will need special care and attention and homes, including better health care and stair lifts. ...read more.

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