• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A) Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world. Industrialisation can be defined in two ways: An increase in production of material goods not derived from the land, measured in terms of an increased percentage of GDP from the industrial sector. A process of technical and social change to production using advanced technology, a complex division of labour, and linkages to other types of production through the use of raw materials, skills, infrastructure and sources of energy. Many factors are present which restrict economic development in the LEDW. These include: political instability, poverty, lack of education, and inadequate infrastructure in transport, energy supplies and public services. Any injections of funds in these countries tend to be in the form of aid, which is more likely to be used for survival than development. Two of the biggest problems for countries in the LEDW are: that richer countries are taking advantage of poorer ones by taking their resources for a cheap price ...read more.

Middle

What has happened in the UK has been repeated in places such as North America and the EU as well. Over previous years, there has been a persistent fall in numbers in the manufacturing industry, the main indicator of the process of de-industrialisation in the UK. Two main factors caused the general decline of manufacturing industry in the UK. One of these reasons was increased mechanization. Automation, robots, and computers have reduced the numbers of workers needed along a production line. Manufacturing has become less labour intensive. The tasks done by unskilled labour were the easiest, and therefore the first, to be replaced by machines. Another reason was loss of competitiveness. An example of this is overseas competition, particularly from the newly industrializing countries in eastern Asia, where costs of production were lower. Many UK companies had become high-cost producers due to historical locations, outdated factory buildings, old machinery, inflexible working practices and high wages. ...read more.

Conclusion

for England. Out-migration from north to south remains strong. Between 1991 and 1998 the population of England and Wales increased by 2.6 per cent, but the increase in North West England was negligible (0.1 per cent) and actually fell in the North of England by 0.5 per cent. What this means is that since 1991, almost a quarter of a million people have left old industrial communities in the North and Midlands, such as Tyneside, Merseyside and the Black Country. Jobs are still disappearing and unemployment rates are high. This has led to houses being boarded up and abandoned in northern cities and mining settlements. In contrast, councils in the South East are furiously searching for space to build the extra one million homes that the government forecasts are going to be needed there in the next few years. Companies in the South are suffering from acute labour shortages, as potential workers can't afford the booming house prices. This emphasizes the fact that the South in general is becoming a much more popular place to live than the North, and is experiencing industrialisation, where as the North is experiencing de industrialisation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Pore spaces Features Low Porosity Water logging, inadequate oxygen in the soil, hinder root penetration, micro-pores dominates. Improve porosity Add organic matter (compost) Reduce porosity Soil compaction WHAT IS SOIL BULK DENSITY? This is the mass per unit volume of a dry soil sample.

  2. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    However, as British Steel is now a privately owned company, these iron and steel producers, such as those in South Wales, no longer receive this benefit. This has meant that the iron and steel industry in the region is no longer receiving enough money to make enough of a profit, and has therefore declined.

  1. The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region

    mass production assembly lines. Newer industries require more highly skilled labour and more flexible working practises, meaning many of those workers who became unemployed from the traditional industries cannot find work as they do not have the necessary skills. This has further increased the unemployment problems of the region.

  2. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    For the foreseeable future, China will provide cheap labor for manufacturing and, at present, has a co-operative government. But a time will come - fairly soon in the South and East - when wages and economic expectations undermine the cheap labor/high return on investment proposition that has driven much of China's inward investment.

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    The product designer is also required to be aware of the new capabilities of the new equipment so that he can utilise the equipment to its maximum capabilities. All these will result in reliable, high quality, fast, flexible, and cost efficient production processes (Milling, 1997).

  2. The Multiplier effect explained and with examples.

    Moreover, the increase of house price is another social change. When the region becomes more successful and attractive to new investments, the price for houses goes up. For instance, in the M4 Corridor and in the South Wales house price increase each year.

  1. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    However, this analysis must be treated with caution because of yet another difference between the two time periods. Today, much growth comes from industries in which large firms do not exist. This phenomenon will be kept in mind throughout the paper and will be explained in part five, when differences

  2. with reference to 2 contrasting countries describe and explain differences in the energy mix

    The second largest production, nuclear power gradually increased from 1980 to 1997, almost reaching 100 TWh, then followed by a constant decline and a obvious drop at 2008. Whereas the renewable and HEP are the least production for electricity, ranging from 0 to 5 TWh between 1980 to 2000.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work