• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

A) Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world. Industrialisation can be defined in two ways: An increase in production of material goods not derived from the land, measured in terms of an increased percentage of GDP from the industrial sector. A process of technical and social change to production using advanced technology, a complex division of labour, and linkages to other types of production through the use of raw materials, skills, infrastructure and sources of energy. Many factors are present which restrict economic development in the LEDW. These include: political instability, poverty, lack of education, and inadequate infrastructure in transport, energy supplies and public services. Any injections of funds in these countries tend to be in the form of aid, which is more likely to be used for survival than development. Two of the biggest problems for countries in the LEDW are: that richer countries are taking advantage of poorer ones by taking their resources for a cheap price ...read more.

Middle

What has happened in the UK has been repeated in places such as North America and the EU as well. Over previous years, there has been a persistent fall in numbers in the manufacturing industry, the main indicator of the process of de-industrialisation in the UK. Two main factors caused the general decline of manufacturing industry in the UK. One of these reasons was increased mechanization. Automation, robots, and computers have reduced the numbers of workers needed along a production line. Manufacturing has become less labour intensive. The tasks done by unskilled labour were the easiest, and therefore the first, to be replaced by machines. Another reason was loss of competitiveness. An example of this is overseas competition, particularly from the newly industrializing countries in eastern Asia, where costs of production were lower. Many UK companies had become high-cost producers due to historical locations, outdated factory buildings, old machinery, inflexible working practices and high wages. ...read more.

Conclusion

for England. Out-migration from north to south remains strong. Between 1991 and 1998 the population of England and Wales increased by 2.6 per cent, but the increase in North West England was negligible (0.1 per cent) and actually fell in the North of England by 0.5 per cent. What this means is that since 1991, almost a quarter of a million people have left old industrial communities in the North and Midlands, such as Tyneside, Merseyside and the Black Country. Jobs are still disappearing and unemployment rates are high. This has led to houses being boarded up and abandoned in northern cities and mining settlements. In contrast, councils in the South East are furiously searching for space to build the extra one million homes that the government forecasts are going to be needed there in the next few years. Companies in the South are suffering from acute labour shortages, as potential workers can't afford the booming house prices. This emphasizes the fact that the South in general is becoming a much more popular place to live than the North, and is experiencing industrialisation, where as the North is experiencing de industrialisation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Pore spaces Features Low Porosity Water logging, inadequate oxygen in the soil, hinder root penetration, micro-pores dominates. Improve porosity Add organic matter (compost) Reduce porosity Soil compaction WHAT IS SOIL BULK DENSITY? This is the mass per unit volume of a dry soil sample.

  2. The De-industrialisation and Regeneration of the Merseyside Region

    mass production assembly lines. Newer industries require more highly skilled labour and more flexible working practises, meaning many of those workers who became unemployed from the traditional industries cannot find work as they do not have the necessary skills. This has further increased the unemployment problems of the region.

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    There is no one foolproof system that can be implemented in any company to guarantee successful implementation. Each company has to come up with its own system and integrate all the CIM components together. This process is always difficult and hard to manage.

  2. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    The UK became a member of the European Union in 1973, and since 1993 the UK has been a member of the EU Single Market, meaning companies can sell their products anywhere in the member states and consumers can buy where they want with no penalty.

  1. Why is Africa the least economically developed continent in the World?

    Many of Africa's countries are very underdeveloped as you can see from the Human Development Index map of Africa (next page). Human Development Index (HDI) is a measure of overall quality of life and is compiled using income, life expectancy and educational attainment.

  2. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    Other important fields in the service sector are trade and insurances. Another fact that can be drawn from the figure, and also from the complete table in Appendix A is that those firms that are not service firms are mainly those that were established as industry leaders in the second industrial revolution.

  1. What Factors Made Rapid Industrialisation Possible In England (British Isles) Between 1750 - 1850?

    could be used for new inventions in machinery, steam engines, rails for wagons, bridges and cheap domestic items. Many of the iron masters were Non-conformists who believed in hard work and investment. They put their profits into new business and sometimes borrowed money.

  2. with reference to 2 contrasting countries describe and explain differences in the energy mix

    The second largest production, nuclear power gradually increased from 1980 to 1997, almost reaching 100 TWh, then followed by a constant decline and a obvious drop at 2008. Whereas the renewable and HEP are the least production for electricity, ranging from 0 to 5 TWh between 1980 to 2000.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work