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Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world.

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Introduction

A) Give reasons for the continuing lack of industrialisation in some countries and regions of the less economically developed world. Industrialisation can be defined in two ways: An increase in production of material goods not derived from the land, measured in terms of an increased percentage of GDP from the industrial sector. A process of technical and social change to production using advanced technology, a complex division of labour, and linkages to other types of production through the use of raw materials, skills, infrastructure and sources of energy. Many factors are present which restrict economic development in the LEDW. These include: political instability, poverty, lack of education, and inadequate infrastructure in transport, energy supplies and public services. Any injections of funds in these countries tend to be in the form of aid, which is more likely to be used for survival than development. Two of the biggest problems for countries in the LEDW are: that richer countries are taking advantage of poorer ones by taking their resources for a cheap price ...read more.

Middle

What has happened in the UK has been repeated in places such as North America and the EU as well. Over previous years, there has been a persistent fall in numbers in the manufacturing industry, the main indicator of the process of de-industrialisation in the UK. Two main factors caused the general decline of manufacturing industry in the UK. One of these reasons was increased mechanization. Automation, robots, and computers have reduced the numbers of workers needed along a production line. Manufacturing has become less labour intensive. The tasks done by unskilled labour were the easiest, and therefore the first, to be replaced by machines. Another reason was loss of competitiveness. An example of this is overseas competition, particularly from the newly industrializing countries in eastern Asia, where costs of production were lower. Many UK companies had become high-cost producers due to historical locations, outdated factory buildings, old machinery, inflexible working practices and high wages. ...read more.

Conclusion

for England. Out-migration from north to south remains strong. Between 1991 and 1998 the population of England and Wales increased by 2.6 per cent, but the increase in North West England was negligible (0.1 per cent) and actually fell in the North of England by 0.5 per cent. What this means is that since 1991, almost a quarter of a million people have left old industrial communities in the North and Midlands, such as Tyneside, Merseyside and the Black Country. Jobs are still disappearing and unemployment rates are high. This has led to houses being boarded up and abandoned in northern cities and mining settlements. In contrast, councils in the South East are furiously searching for space to build the extra one million homes that the government forecasts are going to be needed there in the next few years. Companies in the South are suffering from acute labour shortages, as potential workers can't afford the booming house prices. This emphasizes the fact that the South in general is becoming a much more popular place to live than the North, and is experiencing industrialisation, where as the North is experiencing de industrialisation. ...read more.

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