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"Global Population Trends are Unsustainable" - Discuss.

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Introduction

"Global Population Trends are Unsustainable." Discuss The word sustainable means meeting the needs of current generations without compromising the resources of future generations and it is argued by many people that current global population trends are becoming increasingly unsustainable. In 1988 the population of the world was around 5 billion and yet today however, it is over 6 billion. Therefore in the last 20 years the world's population has increased by 20% and a recent United Nations' report predicts that by 2050, the world's population will reach approximately 9.3 billion, with most of the population growth occurring in Asia and Africa. China is a key example of why global population trends are widely considered to be unsustainable. China is hugely overpopulated (with a population of 1.2 billion, one fifth of the world's population) and consequently has major environmental, social, and economic problems. China's arable land (a major source of the country's income and food supply) and living space are both rapidly decreasing. Overpopulation in China has caused a huge drop in the standard of living of its people too, and therefore the Chinese government decided to make China more industrialized and therefore its economy grew. ...read more.

Middle

The major lack of food security and rampant poverty have left the continent with a population that is the most undernourished in the world. Many of Africa's problems are trying to be resolved, but with very little success however, mainly down to an enormous lack of funding. Many charities have been campaigning for Africa's debts to be cancelled, but with very little accomplished. Also, due to the huge lack of health care and the vast overpopulation in Africa, the continent has an overpowering HIV/AIDs epidemic which adds to the continent's unsustainability. It is estimated that around 4.7 million people in Africa are infected with HIV and in Botswana for example, as much as 36% of the 1.6 million adults there are infected with the AIDS virus. The life expectancy there has fallen from 62 years in 1990 to a mere 36 years in 2000. Although this means that the population of these areas lower greatly, it also means that a significant part of their overall population are ill and therefore the working section vastly diminishes. This means that there are fewer farmers that can support their family and sell crops. Again however, a major lack in education and health care means that this problem is very hard to resolve. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, countries like America do import huge amounts of resources as the country requires far more than they have. America is an extremely rich country however and the majority of countries cannot do this. Another point is that although a huge amount of third world countries have mammoth undernourishment problems, UN figures show that over the past 30 years, developing countries as a group have reduced the percentage of undernourished in the population from 37% to 18%. However, this is mainly due to charities and the countries' resources are still diminishing so this does not mean global population trends are becoming more sustainable. Even today 40,000 children die from malnutrition and its related diseases every day and 150 million children in the world suffer from poor health due to food shortages. I conclude that there is overwhelming evidence that global population trends are unsustainable and are becoming increasingly more so. China, Africa and Japan are just some of the examples of proof of this and they all show vital information about why and how the world is becoming increasing unsustainable. Although this is only a minor problem in some developed countries, that majority of the world has a problem with diminishing resources and the problem is clearly worsening. Iden Ranapour 1 ...read more.

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