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HIV/Aids in Botswana.

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´╗┐Botswana HIV/Aids Botswana Botswana is situated in the Southern African regions, and is a land locked country bordered by Zambia and Zimbabwe to the northeast, Namibia to the north and west, and South Africa to the south and southeast. Its capital city is Gaborone and the population living in the country reaches a sparse number of 1.9 million with 46% of the land urbanised due to the land being so dry. People in Botswana have their official language as English but Setswana is the national language. The life expectancy in this area is higher than most LEDC?s with men reaching an age of 56 and women reaching an age of 55. Life expectancy has dropped significantly from the years 1990-95, when the age was 65 to below 40 between 2000-05 though nowadays there are more prevention schemes and treatment programmes in Botswana to deal with health issues. Adult literacy in the country is about 81% due to many people being educated. The country is also the world?s largest producer of diamonds transforming the nation into a middle income nation. Botswana additionally, protects some of Africa?s largest areas of wilderness due to the dry land that cannot really be ploughed for crops but s great to house the wilderness of Africa. Factors helping to spread the epidemic No money There is not enough money in Botswana to help stop the spread of the epidemic and help it from spreading out of control, quickly enough. ...read more.


This means that fewer people are receiving a basic school education so the prospects for them in the future are damaged as they can not get the high end jobs that pay good money. Additionally, people have proven that children who do not receive or receive little education are almost twice as likely to contract HIV causing a larger epidemic to occur in Botswana. Health care sector is affected as well as the demand for doctors and nurses rise as more people are living with HIV. This puts a strain on the health sector as more health workers are needed to be trained up and more doctors and nurses are needed to help with the many deaths and people living in the area. Another social effect in Botswana is life expectancy going down dramatically. Many countries in Africa including Botswana, have erased their life expectancy by many years meaning the average life expectancy in Sub Saharan Africa is 51, with Botswana?s life below that of the average due to it having the highest number of HIV people and deaths. This decline in life expectancy is directly due to HIV and aids in the country. Economic When a person becomes infected with HIV, the family?s income slowly begins to dwindle as money is not coming into the family. ...read more.


In 2003 the government, along with ACHAP launched a massive condom distribution and marketing campaign involving the instillation of over 10,500 condom dispensers in both traditional and non-traditional outlets in the country. Targeting of high risk adult populations The population of Botswana that is classed as high risk adult populations include migrant workers, diamond miners and sex workers. These are the main areas that have a high number of HIV due to same sex relations and sew work which is illegal in Botswana. At the moment government workers and health workers are trying to target these areas to get them to understand what they are doing and how they are increasing the risk of them getting HIV in the long run. Improvement of blood safety Both the Ministry of Health and the Safe Blood for Africa Foundation have helped to improve the safety of blood transfusions throughout Botswana. From 2005 onwards, the national supply of HIV-free blood has doubled in size and the amount of HIV-infected blood has fell by half due to the better screening of donors and counselling from the government. A project associated with the improvement of blood transfusions is ?Pledge 25? which recruits and encourages young people to become blood donors and to teach them how to prevent HIV infection. People under this scheme are encouraged to pledge blood 25 times during their life, hence why it is called Pledge 25. ...read more.

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