• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How and why has the employment structure changed since 1945 within the UK?

Extracts from this document...


Employment Structure Essay Q. How and why has the employment structure changed since 1945 within the UK? A. Employment structure is made up by three categories; they are primary, secondary, and tertiary and on a graph they would all add up to 100%. There is a fourth type of employment, quaternary, although this is not considered along with the others. This type of employment only really takes place within MEDCs as it mainly involves high levels of technology such as computers and is quite expensive to run. Primary industries are those which involve natural resources such as farming, fishing, mining and forestry. For many LEDCs, this is the main category of employment and provides a wage for a person with little skills. Secondary industries involve that of manufacturing items such as cars, newspapers and cheese manufacture. Tertiary industries cover quite a high percentage of the employment structure within MEDCs such as the UK. This is employment related to services such as education, health and retailing. ...read more.


Finally another reason for the decrease of employment in primary industry is linked to the absolute change in population. The UK has a high percentage of people aged 15-20 and these will more likely work in tertiary industries such as retailing than in primary industries such as farming, as the pay will be the same, but the work load a lot less. Secondary industries have also seen a decline in the amount of people employed within them. Mechanisation of factories alike mechanisation of farming has lead to fewer jobs within that industry. Machines can do the work of many men and companies only need pay the operator, saving them money and providing more profits. Secondary industries within the UK have a low job status, as the UK is an MEDC and so generally receive lower pay than a tertiary industry such as education or health. There is also less demand in some secondary industries such as ship building. ...read more.


Tertiary industries, unlike primary and secondary are useful for part time workers as they do not require full concentration on their job and can bring up children with the spare time they have, this is especially valid for women. There are many part time workers within the UK and in employment terms, two part time works make one full time worker so the tertiary sector is boosted by this part time factor. The National Health Service is the third biggest employer in the world and as this belongs to the tertiary industry makes up a fair few percentages in the employment structure. Looking towards the future in the UK, quaternary industries will soon develop in strength as the work is very well paid but only a few percentage of employed people possess the required skills. Primary and secondary industries will probably remain low as the profit within them is of limited scope. However the employment within tertiary industry could change over time depending on influencing factors of population growth. Tristan Robinson U6A3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    new jobs in to the area and helping in the regeneration of the region. There have been many improvements in the infrastructure of South Wales brought about by EU funds, including the M4 motorway linking London with Cardiff, the Heads of Valleys Road, the InnerCity rail link and Cardiff international airport.

  2. Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry In the 20th century the factors affecting the ...

    These 'smokestack' industries therefore were usually located close to coalfields and mineral deposits. A port location was also usually necessary to export the large number of goods produced by the factory to different locations around the world. Therefore industries located close to river estuaries and the sea.

  1. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    The extent to which the authorities in Beijing are able to direct matters in this way will be a measure of their ability to control dynamic provincial authorities in the South and East. Investing in China is a long game, not a way to quick profits Cui and Liu observe

  2. To what extent did the 'collective' farms of Eastern Europe work?

    What can be determined is the fact that no socialist collectivisation policy was without drawbacks. The theme that arises in the majority of these regimes is the fundamental lack of economic incentives for the collective farms to achieve and succeed relative crop yields.

  1. The Multiplier effect explained and with examples.

    For firms different areas become very attractive when government provides tax relief, pays for new buildings, equipment and for training people. It is a known fact that in such areas as the South Wales and the M4 Corridor the government established several policies that caused the influx of many firms, especially foreign firms such as Sony, BMW and many others.

  2. What is meant by the terms core and periphery?

    This area became known as the 'manufacturing belt'. This area was the focus for economic development and contained the capital city Washington D.C as well as the largest cities and ports, including New York. As it was the core region at the time, it was the centre of trade, investment, commerce and retailing.

  1. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    One might wonder why the importance of service for growth is not forecasted to remain as strong as it had been in the last decades. This might partly be because most developed economies have completed the transfer to the post-modern, service oriented society.

  2. Is deindustrialisation in the U.K an undesirable process?

    However, deindustrialisation does not always incur negative effects. Although there were job losses, which were accompanied by overall falls in national manufacturing output, generally, productivity per person steadily increased. This meant that the manufacturing sector became far more competitive. It was only in textiles, that productivity dropped. In all other activities employment fell, but productivity increased.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work