• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How can famines be prevented?

Extracts from this document...


How can famines be prevented? Famine is a crisis where starvation from too little food results in the sharp increase of distress and death one place. Developing countries whose food production is dependent on rain fed agriculture suffer greatly. Climate related problems such as low rainfall, drought as well as insects and vermin do have a devastating affect on crops and livelihood but there are many other factors at work. To enable the prevention of famines, the causes must be addressed; whether famines will be eradicated from the modern world will take the determination of all people those directly affected and those who are not. Amartya Sen takes the stand that famines are not the result of a country's inability to grow food but from poverty, meaning famine is a product of poverty. For Sen `People are deprived of the freedom to satisfy their hunger, to obtain health care, to have a decent life. In a word, they are robbed of their right to live as human beings`. ...read more.


In the prevention of famine the issue of land tenure must be addressed because of its relationship with poverty. Under the present system, peasants do not have the right to own land this can only cause insecurity and a lack of investment. These lacks of democracy and unaccountability by the government under this feudal land system have left peasants powerless. Government control means that peasants who constitute 85% of the population cannot voice any opinions or oppose policies that are detrimental to them. The distribution of small plots with the growth of the population puts a great strain on subsistence farming making investment pointless. Land ownership will encourage peasants to invest in their land enabling them to use it as a commodity to access credit and loans encouraging much needed foreign investment. Privatization of the land would also encourage cultural integration that could lend to peace, but more worrying is the fact that it would also ask for transparency within the government. The government needs to give democracy a chance in the fight against famine. ...read more.


With little resources it is difficult for governments to keep development on track but for the love of their people and humanity first and foremost transparency is needed. Rural economical growth is the key to preventing famine with short-term policies stabilizing food production for example drought resistant crops and small-scale irrigation programs. Labor-intensive projects that provide employment can be paid in such a way that only attracts the poor. When so many in the international community are lobbying for the cancellation of third world debt allegations of corruption, war and misuse of aid distorts opinions. Early warning systems are essential and contribute to a strategic plan to eradicate hunger. Peasants on the household level who observe climate changes and assess information given by rural travelers are also using `traditional` early warning systems. With the effects of globalization developing countries have difficulty competing on the open markets, exports to generate cash to fund and improve industry and agricultural technology may prove slow. However, food storage on a national level can go some way to alleviating hunger in poor productive areas in order to avoid the onset of famine. www.brad.ac.uk/research/ijas/ijas.htm www.unitedethopia.org/commentaries/Sep_dec_2003/TheRootCauseofFamine www.ogaden.com/Drough_war_April_15_03.htm 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    SOIL WATER Water is essential for plant growth. Soil is capable of being a storehouse of water and becoming the main source of water for land plants. Soil water plays a significant role in several natural processes- evaporation, infiltration and drainage of water, diffusion of gases, conduction of heat, and movement of salts and nutrients are all dependent upon the amount of water present in soil.

  2. Were the Rebecca Riots a justifiable expression of rural discontent?

    The information is likely to be true though as it was written over a decade after. All these reasons combined together needed the final straw on the donkey's back to make the farmers react, this was the numerous tollgates which were erected across Wales.

  1. Effects on Drought

    The national herd of 4.7 million cattle, goats, and sheep was reduced by one half, and the remaining animals suffered from malnutrition and disease. Because of the importance livestock played as a foreign exchange earner, the losses had a severe impact on the budgetary and balance of payments situations.

  2. Is Biological Pest Control Better Than Chemical Control?

    No matter how carefully the chemical pesticide is applied, it still affects other organisms, like DDT did. It did not affect the intended pest only, but also damaged humans, therefore it got banned. If you use chemical pesticide, any of the pests which try to damage the crop will be killed.

  1. How are Africa's problems of poverty, hunger, debt and environmental deterioration inter-related?

    and charity; but humanitarian action and cold politics often do not mix particularly well, in the same way that people at home watch the appalling scenes of famine and degradation on their television screens, feel 'pangs of guilt' but do little about it.

  2. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    The manufacturing sector by far has been the single largest economic sector attracting FDI inflows in China's economy. Table 1 The industrial distribution of FDI in China's manufacturing presented not only large inter-industry variations but also a high concentration in labor-intensive industries.

  1. As a region, state, and nation, we are being challenged to become more efficient, ...

    Yet the onset of factor disadvantages, if they are selective, should trigger upgrading. The national position in the industry may shrink but can be maintained in the more sophisticated segments provided that rivalry is healthy. The development of technology has led some people to argue that factor costs are becoming more important in international competition.

  2. Is biological pest control better than chemical pest control?

    there usually isn't a problem because it's the same crop being grown and so the conditions can be controlled. However, the problems that do arise is that if there is a large concentration of the same crop in one area and they are all in close proximity to each other

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work