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How has Pyrmont-Ultimo changed historically in terms of its communities and redevelopments?

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Introduction

10.Inquiry question How has Pyrmont-Ultimo changed historically in terms of its communities and redevelopments? The proposal of the Pyrmont Point project, between the Council of the City of Sydney and the Land Commission of New South Wales, 1981, describes the Pyrmont-ultimo peninsula as, '...a quality residential development on the last significant headland in Sydney Harbour'. This belief was a realisation by many in the late 20th Century and was reinforced by the actions of local government and many major construction firms. The Pyrmont-Ultimo peninsula was once occupied primarily of 'blue-collar' workers, surrounded by derelict industrial waterfronts and working-class terraces that dominated the industrialised land. Over the past decade, massive urban renewal programs transformed the two inner-city suburbs. The redevelopment of decayed buildings of the working-class, improved both the employment opportunities and quality of infrastructure. Due to the constant fluctuations in redevelopment and development, the areas' population also fluctuated over the years. In 1875, Pyrmont reached its climax in residential development and by 1981 the population had exceeded 19,100 (the highest in New South Wales at the time) and a building boom of 3,699 dwellings. At the turn of the century, the population of the peninsula peaked at 30,000- the highest it would ever reach as stated by Micheal R. Mathews1. Thereafter the population declined 5 per cent per year. ...read more.

Middle

This is done by government or construction firms. An example of the continued change done to one site is the historical location of the Pyrmont Power Station that has a lengthy story behind it. In 1904, it was opened by the Sydney Municipal Corporation to provide power supply for all of Sydney. In 1936, the State Government took over the council's functioning of the Power Station and in 1949 the State Labour Government embarked on a large-scale redevelopment plan to expand the station. Due to industrial dispute about the demolishment of an entire block of dwellings, this expansion was completed in 1955. 4In the early 1980's, the government introduced a plan to the Pyrmont-Ultimo community, including its small business occupants and low income class residents, to demolish the urban blight stricken Power Station and replace it with a state first casino. The community went unheard even though many argued noise and traffic pollution as well as the destruction of a heritage building would be unacceptable. 5In all redevelopment plans, the community wanted government to keep the historical and cultural view of the area whilst also incorporating the future into the Pyrmont-Ultimo. The development went forward and a casino was built temporarily on this site in the early 1990's and was later relocated to the former CSR Sugar Refinery Site in Pyrmont as Star City Casino. ...read more.

Conclusion

Substantial implements of infrastructure investment and upgrading of the area will continue to produce pressure on property values, resulting in rental accommodation beyond the means of low income to moderate income earning groups. Another introduction to establish cheaper housing for this social group by the City West Corporation was rejected by the Land and Environment Court, regarding the project as pointless in reducing housing costs as the CWH project of 1995 lead to a rise instead of a reduction in housing costs, by 384 percent. Therefore the Pyrmont-Ultimo will continue to have developments implemented that will attract high to middle income earners. Developments such as the Jackson Landing commercial apartments and the Jones Bay Wharf residential apartments will continue to attract these types of social groups to the peninsula. The population of the area will continue to rise as development plans multiply due to its close proximity to the CBD that provides employment, good investments, aesthetically pleasing views and some of the elite educational institutions in New South Wales such as UTS and Sydney University. Until the peninsula s completely developed is when populations will stablise however will continue to attract Sydneysiders to its proximity. 1 Matthews, R Micheal. 1982 "A History of Pyrmont and Ultimo" Southwood Press. Australia. 2 " " 3 http://www.reportage.uts.edu.au/stories/2000/jun00/affordable.html 4 " " 5 Video Education Australia. "Pyrmont-Ultimo Urban Redevelopment and The Community" 6 http://www.shfa.nsw.gov.au/div/corporate_services/employmnet/job_list.cfm ...read more.

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