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How Successful have Policies for managing Urban Settlement been?

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Introduction

Essay Question: How Successful have Policies for managing Urban Settlement been? Areas may need to be controlled as they may become over populated or under populated. This can arise from many factors including high Birth Rates (or low birth rates), immigration (or emigration) or low death rate (or a high death rate) etc. When there are too many people for the resources or technology within an area, the area is said to be overpopulation (e.g. Bangladesh). The opposite of this is underpopulation, and this occurs when there are too many resources than can be used by the number of people living there (e.g. Canada). When an area becomes overpopulated or underpopulated it may need to be controlled, this is usually done by the government. I am going to first of all compare two different places which had to be managed, Cairo (in Egypt) and London (in England). Both these places are in urban areas. The word urban relates to an area that is in a city or a densely populated area. I have chosen to use Cairo as one of my case studies and I will show factors such as the need for management here, what was done to fix the problems, what it is like now etc. ...read more.

Middle

This has benefited many locals as they can travel cheaply to different places, in particular to work, and many of the metro routes are convenient to them. This would also benefit car owners, because the construction of the metro system has reduced the previous large volumes of traffic and therefore reduce congestions. This would benefit them as time traveling to places by car would therefore be reduced. Although the metro is very cheap (by Western standards) some locals may still not be able to afford this and so have not benefited at all from it. This may also not benefit taxi drivers as they would lose out opn customers due to the competition of the metro. The metro has the advantage of no congestions, cheap travel, convenient routes and reliability and so many people would prefer to use it than taxs. This would mean that taxi drivers are losing out on business as a result from the development of the metro system. All these schemes have proved to be very successful for Cairo (particularly for Cairo) and have helped raise the economy of their community. However, due to the rapidly increasing population growth, some of these schemes have failed to meet the demand. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other factors such as the taxi - drivers losing out on business due to the construction of the metro would not be very concerning because if this factor affected them significantly, they would most likely have changed their occupation and many by that time would have also retired. To look at Cairo's future, we would see that problems continue to arise if the population is continuing to increase at the rate which it is presently doing so. This is because although new services, resources will have been created, the population would still be increasing and so there would still be a high number of people using these services. Perhaps the solution to Cairo's problems may be both to reduce migration from the countryside and to accelerate the already falling birthrate. However, we can see that the projects that the government carried out previously (e.g. construction of metro/ sewerage system etc) would still prove to be successful for the local people/ environment. This is because as time goes on, the government would probably expand and improve, possibly build new services to be taken advantage of by the locals. For example, they may add different lines to the metro service, so that more people can use it to get to different areas that they may have previously been unable to get to via the metro lines. ...read more.

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