• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Labour's programme of nationalisation? Labour's programme of nationalisation was based on the concept of state ownership

Extracts from this document...


How successful was Labour's programme of nationalisation? Labour's programme of nationalisation was based on the concept of state ownership of industries, enabling the government to control the "means of production, distribution and exchange." It began to be implemented in 1945 at the end of the Second World War, under the general direction of Herbert Morrison, with a primary aim of creating more efficient planning and co-operation between industries, whilst improving relations between workers and employers. Thus, for the purpose of this essay, the successfulness of the Labour programme of nationalisation will refer to whether or not it met the aim of making industries more efficient and integrated. Labour faced major economic struggles at the end of the war and yet put its plans to restore industries straight into action. This may been seen as a mistake, with many claiming if they had waited until debts had been repaid, with the economy back on track, their attempts to make industries more efficient through nationalisation would have been far more successful. ...read more.


Thus the programmes plan for industries to be more integrated was not met, hinting that the programme was unsuccessful. The nationalisation of the coal (1947) and railways (1948) prevented these industries from almost certain collapse. By nationalising the coal industry, the government took ownership of approximately 1500 collieries and 400 smaller mines, which were to be controlled by the National Coal Board. The Conservatives criticized this action stating that the industry had over three quarters of a million workers, and was simply too large to be controlled centrally. Although by nationalising the coal industry Labour prevented its collapse, the Conservatives were later proven correct, with the National Coal Board failing to deal with the coal shortage in its opening year. Railways also faced problems after nationalisation. Although Labour's plan had been to create a more efficient transport network, railways were criticised for many reasons including punctuality, cleanliness, cost and overall efficiency. ...read more.


In conclusion, I feel that nationalisation was successful in the short term, helping industries to keep going. However, this was at the expense of the treasury and Labour's resources were soon drained, supported by the fact that it later refused to subsidise the coal industry and it soon collapsed. In my opinion nationalisation was never going to work over a long period, thus I feel Labour's aim to make industries fully efficient through nationalisation was impossible to meet. Although Labour's nationalisation programme failed to make industries efficient, considering the vast amount of problems faced, it was the most successful effort possible. Moreover, nationalisation did help save industries from collapsing and therefore to an extent was successful as it allowed industry to continue. However, in the context of this essay, nationalisation failed to meet its aims of improved efficiency and more integrated industry and therefore was unsuccessful. ?? ?? ?? ?? Naomi Caney 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. How can famines be prevented?

    There is a lot of information on the causes and impacts of famines and there are criticisms towards the use of Early Warning System for many reasons, one being that better use should be made of data that already exists.

  2. Is Biological Pest Control Better Than Chemical Control?

    It is cheaper and more effective to use biological control as it is inexpensive. It also more imperative that this method of pest control is used because supermarkets are demanding that their produce has to be grown without using chemical sprays, as we do not want man-made chemicals on our food.

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    CIM can assist in reducing machines downtime, reducing labour cost, reducing inventory cost, and minimising the waste (Harris, 1990; Kutay and Finger, 1990; Milling, 1997; Ngalingnam and Lin, 1999). Machines downtime can be reduced drastically by using more reliable machines and precise planning of the lines.

  2. How successful was Stalin's attempt to industrialise the Soviet Union?

    Footwear production and food processing made significance progress and by late 1930s, new bakeries, ice cream and meat packing factories were established in many cities across Russia. However, it is clear that more could have been done by the government to boost the consumer goods looking at the immense effort

  1. Development Essay - BRAZIL

    With the increased economic stability provided by the "Real" plan. Brazilian firms have invested heavily in new equipment and technology, a large share of which has been purchased from U.S. firms. Brazil has a sophisticated tertiary sector too. During the early 1990's, the banking sector accounted for 16% of the GDP.

  2. How successful was Stalin's Industrial Economic Programme during the 1930's?

    A great deal of money of went into the investment of agriculture because of the forced collectivisation programme. However, the impressive growth in certain sectors of the economy and there was substantial achievements. Stalin set the targets too high so they were too hard to be achieved.

  1. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    However, such a promise can be considered fraudulent if the promisor had no intent to perform when the promise was made. Archco clearly went through the formalities of signing the agreements without any intent to abide by them. This is evident from the fact that Archco contracted JRNP, to develop

  2. Is biological pest control better than chemical pest control?

    Many different chemical substances are used as pesticides; there are contact pesticides, systemic pesticides and residual pesticides. The contact pesticides are used as spray as they are sprayed straight on to the crop where the pests are living and as the contact insecticides spray comes in contact with the insect,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work