• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How successful was Stalin's Industrial Economic Programme during the 1930's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How successful was Stalin's Industrial Economic Programme during the 1930's? In the first five year plan the importance was on heavy industries which included coal, oil, iron and steel, electricity, cement, metals, and timber. This accounted for 80% of total investment and 1500 enterprises were opened. I believe that the first five year plan was a failure although there were sectors that were successful. Targets were not reached this was especially apparent for chemical targets. Another problem was the lack of skilled workers which created major problems. In addition to this workers frequently changed their jobs so there was no organisation and this caused instability. Small workshops were squeezed out; this was due to the shortages of materials and fuel and also the drive against the Nepmen. Another big problem with this five year plan was that productivity was very low. There was very little growth and consumer industries faced a decline which included house building, fertilisers, food processing and woollen textiles. But although it was deemed to be a complete failure the first five year plan did bring some success. ...read more.

Middle

As with the first five year plan heavy industries still featured strongly. But other industries were opened up and greater emphasis was placed upon communications, especially railways to link cities and industrial centres. Four and a half thousand enterprises also opened. The plan benefited from some big projects, such as the Dnieprostroi Dam, coming into use. There were fewer weaknesses than the first five year plan but this plan still featured some. Consumer good industries were still lagging, although they were showing signs of recovery. There was a growth in footwear and food processing - modern bakeries, ice-cream production and meat packing plants - but not enough. Oil production also did not make the expected advances. The second year plan did also feature successful sectors. Heavy industries benefited from plants which had been set up during the first plan and came on stream. Electricity production expanded rapidly. Chemical industries, such as fertiliser production were growing and transport and communications grew rapidly. By 1937, the USSR was virtually self-sufficient in machine-making and metal-working. ...read more.

Conclusion

Heavy industry continued to grow. An example of this was machinery and engineering, but the picture was uneven and some areas did poorly. Defence and armaments grew rapidly as resources were diverted to them. The third plan ran into difficulties as the beginning of 1938 due to an n exceptionally hard winter and the diversion of materials to the military. Gosplan was thrown into chaos when the purges created shortages of qualified personnel, such as important managers, engineers and officials, who linked industries and government. Overall there was successful growth in heavy industry during this period and they were impressive achievements. The command economy had major weaknesses - unrealistic targets; the use of bribery, corruption and crooked deals to achieve targets; major shortages; and products of poor quality. At best the economy was ill-organised and badly co-ordinated, at worst it was chaotic. There were imbalances in the economy, with heavy industry taking priority over chemicals and transport and consumer goods being neglected throughout. The Russian people still spent an enormous amount of their time queuing and went short of essential commodities. Living conditions remained abysmal. So I believe the economic plan to be quite disastrous but it was a massive step forward in industry. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Think about narrow tubes of different diameter placed vertically in beaker with water, as the diameter of the container decreases the height of the water in the tubes increases. The forces involved are called cohesion and adhesion. > Cohesion attraction between water molecules > Adhesion attraction between water and soil

  2. Discuss the Advantages and Disadvantages of the use of Fertilisers and Pesticides in Agriculture

    When water is abstracted to supply drinking water, pesticides which have not degraded are present as contaminants. The chemicals in pesticides are potentially very dangerous to man and may be toxic even at low concentrations.16 There are though two possible solutions to avoid the contamination of water.

  1. Communist Russia under Stalin, 1928 - 1939.

    and Komsomolsk (Siberia). There was a huge expansion in energy production as the new factories and towns required more energy. The Dnieper Dam (Donbass) was Europe's largest hydroelectric dam. It produced electricity, provided irrigation for the surrounding farmland and made the Dnieper River more easily accessible for shipping.

  2. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    For example, British and American companies acquired expropriated works of German chemical and machine manufacturing companies during WWI. However, they could not grasp the full benefit from these new facilities and German firms quickly recovered and regained market share after the war.

  1. How successful was Labour's programme of nationalisation? ...

    after the nationalisation of the Bank of England in 1946), along with better relations between workers and employers within many industries, this may suggest that the programme was successful in making industries more integrated. However, this was not true. Each industry that was nationalised was controlled by a small board of experts (e.g.

  2. Aswan High Dam

    It also contains 12 hydroelectric generators that create 10 billion kilowatts of electricity every year. As a result of the dam a large reservoir was created, this is known as the Lake Nasser. This 'lake' is the largest artificial lake in the world being 310 miles in length.

  1. How successful was Stalin's attempt to industrialise the Soviet Union?

    On the whole, historians have criticised chaotic planning and implementation for somewhat halting the development of heavy industries in the USSR. Oil production was actually very slow-11.7m in 1928 to 28.5m in 1937 compared to the textile industries where production rose from 2700m to 4000m in 1940.

  2. Case Analysis: Longe Industries v. Archco, JNRP

    A clear distinction between the two can be made as follows: o A material misrepresentation (or intent to deceive) that is relied upon and results in harm can be considered fraud. o A failure to meet the terms of a contract or agreement can be considered breach of contract.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work