• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How useful are urban models to the modern geographer and urban planners?

Extracts from this document...


How useful are urban models to the modern geographer and urban planners? An urban model is a simplification of a real city. They are used to help us understand more about real cities by showing patterns or processes which in real life may be complex and difficult to identify. They are applicable to a large number of cities rather than one particular city. They are based on the idea that there are similarities between cities. Geographers use these models to try and identify and explain urban spatial patterns and variations in their structure. Where as urban planners use the models to deal with real life situations such as deciding where to place a new motorway or deciding where to build a new business park. The first urban model to be produced was by Burgess in 1924 he attempted to explain the outward expansion of the city (Chicago) and the socioeconomic groupings of it inhabitants. He did this by splitting the city into five concentric zones: the central business district, transition zone, low class housing, medium class housing and high class housing. ...read more.


He also said that once an area had developed a land use that it would remain that use as the city extended outwards. This model could be useful to modern geographers as it is a better adaptation of the burgess model. Meaning that extra factors have been taken into consideration such as the wealth and similar land uses. This could be more helpful as it makes more judgements on where and why variations will happen. Such as wealthy people can afford the highest rates so will have the best position and afford to buy cars so will live further from he Central business district. This model could be useful to modern urban planners as it is a better adaptation of the burgees model with extra factors taken into consideration. This could be helpful to a planner as it talks about land value and how similar land uses attract other similar land uses. This is helpful as a planner can locate where certain industries are and where to situate them. ...read more.


It could be useful to see if a town/city does actually follow the model with several nuclei. It also help to explain the inhabitants that commute to the central business district and see if they add to its density and population. This model could be useful to modern urban planners as it could help to locate bus routes and roads that were needed for the commuters and people who travel to work from the multiple nuclei. It could also help in the planning and placing of new houses for the people leaving the city to commute to work. In conclusion I think that urban models are very useful to modern geographers and planner's .I think that models are a good starting point for analysing the morphology of modern cities. These models were produced in the past so it is obvious that changes will have taken place such as technology, fashions and transport. This does not mean that the models cannot be of use. The principles can still remain with a little adaptation to the real modern world. Laura.P human Geography September ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Whether the Burgess land use model is still relevant in the modern day, despite ...

    Houses will be terraced near the town centre, and semi detatched on the outskirts. This statement fits in with Burgess' Bid Rent Model, as he claimed that land in the centre of the town was more useful and therefore expensive, so less people would be able to afford big gardens.

  2. Compare and contrast urban land use models from 1920-1970's. what

    However when they make enough money they move outwards seeking better homes in quieter areas and better jobs. Over a number of years the city would expand as people would filter out into the next zone. In this way higher residential areas will be occupied by different ethnic groups, and

  1. How should we nowadays understand the Anglo-Saxon 'Invasions' of lowland Britain?

    transferred to Britain and Hodges claims that there are similarities between certain Romano-British and Anglo-Saxon dwellings. He cites the examples at Dunston's Clump (Romano-British) and Catholme (Anglo-Saxon), which both have timber posts supporting the roof; it had been generally considered that Romano-British houses did not have this 'Anglo-Saxon' feature.

  2. An Urban Study Of Sheffield

    An Urban Functions Model of Sheffield CBD New Good Quality Private housing 1950's - 1960's Council Housing Industry New Industry Old Good Quality Housing Old Terraces This is a simple diagram of Sheffield it is similar to the Hoyt's model in appearance but as you can see a lot of

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    Tesco not only sells convenience goods, but is also one of the shops that trade consumer durable and expensive goods; they provide their consumers with more variety of choice of goods that other shops may not provide. Consumer durables are goods that not many shops provides as they are items not always needed so purchased less often.

  2. What are Urban Models and to what extent are they useful to Geographers.

    the land most accessible to public transport and only a small amount is available. In MEDCs, beyond the central business district is the manufacturing zone, complete with high density, low quality terraced houses to accommodate the workforce. Factory owners built these houses close to their factories, despite the high land costs, but they were small consequently.

  1. Migration Patterns

    Many of those migrants migrate illegally, risking their lives and future. But they still prefer this form of migration, rather than staying in their own countries as life conditions "force" them to take the risk. Another important factor that these have in common is that, they are all voluntary migrations.

  2. To what extent is an urban model useful to a geographer studying urban areas?

    The model proposed that a city had rings, ranging from the CBD to commuter villages on the periphery of the city, as well as being divided into sectors of middle class, lower middle class, working class and lowest working class.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work