• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Land Management

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Geography Work Land Management * It's nature * It's impact * Response by (Finish responses) o Individuals o Groups o Governments Land management is the handling of the use and development of the land and its resources in a sustainable manner (both in suburban and urban settings). Most consider the early European settlers to have inflicted more damage on the Australian land than in the following decades. This poor-land management can largely be accounted to the poor understanding and un-interest in Australia's "exotic" environment (including its unique, fragile soils and irregular climate/ including precipitation patterns). This meant that as the European settlers spread further across the land, they continued to subject the Australian environment to an (a traditional) agriculture system that was better suited for the milder climate and fertile soils of Europe. However, today there is a growing appreciation of the importance of maintaining the Australian environment in a sustainable way. This has included individual (farmers adopting sustainable-systems), groups (including community-based groups that assist farmers in "repairing" poor-land management outcomes) and governments (at all levels, and inter-state laws for land usage and development). Some contemporary farming approaches, aimed to promote land-sustainability (mainly anti-degradation) including: limiting stocking rates to ensure that adequate ground cover maintained, reducing the amount of tillage required; for example, through the use of direct drilling techniques for planting crops, planting trees and shrubs for windbreaks and soil ...read more.

Middle

Along with the issue of land management, introduced species have become a problem having disrupted Australian ecosystems greatly. These introduced species compete with animals and plants for food and space for their habitat, and are a major cause of land degradation. Recent studies show that at least 20 species of mammals, 30 species of birds, 21 species of fish, 5 species of amphibians, 500 invertebrates and 1500 plants have been introduced to Australia and now reproduce in the wild. Another process that leads to land degradation is erosion, which is the loss of soil due to the actions of water and wind. Even though erosion is a natural process, it removes new soil from the surface and prevents the planting of new seeds. Human activities have accelerated this process by removing the vegetation and uncovering the soils, impacting Australia's environment severely. Land clearing has had a significant impact to the Australian environment. More than 35% of woodlands have been cleared or severely altered. The forests that have remained are gradually disappearing at the rate of 1% each year. Land clearing has taken place for agriculture, but now is being used to produce paper, timber and building materials. In 2005, approximately 74000 hectares of land was cleared. Farmers make the vast majority of "open-views" by individuals. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Department of the Environment and Heritage's Land Management is responsible for the Australian Government's activities to maintain landscapes, biodiversity and ecosystems while ensuring sustainable production systems and providing for other human needs. A set of guidelines have also been introduced that outline the responsibilities of various levels of government and individual landholders under the federal government's Native Vegetation Framework. The response to land management in Australia is mostly controlled by the federal and state governments. The federal government puts forward policies which keep a balanced environment, between development and conservation of natural resources and the landscapes. For example, the state government has allocated forests for timber, all owned by the state, which therefore protects the native forests. Many national parks are also in place to protect Australia's bushland. Many steps are taken to preserve the land. One is to set aside areas for long-term conservation, which requires scientific investigations to be carried out to determine the best areas to reserve, and to conserve a full range of biodiversity. Also the federal government has put in place policies to manage the problem of Salinity, which is one of the most significant environmental problems facing Australia, caused by European farming practises., the federal government has provided the National Action Plan for Salinity and Water Quality to avert and stabilise trends in dry land salinity, and of course to improve the water quality. The federal government also controls the amount of mining excavation that occurs to sustain our natural environment. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Coastal Landforms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Coastal Landforms essays

  1. Topic: Critically contrast the approach to organisations of the classical management theorists with that ...

    Closed systems are "those, which, for all practical purposes, are completely self-supporting, and thus do not interact with their environment" (Cole, 2004, p.74). According to Katz and Kahn, this closed system has led to a disregard of differing organisational environments and the nature of organisational dependency on environment.

  2. What are the effects of Deforestation?

    Tree roots tend to hold soils together, act to provide physical reservoirs for water by making barriers and slow the rate of flow of moving water, thus reducing its eroding effects. In Nepal and India, for example, deforestation in the foothills of the Himalayas has led to catastrophic flooding of the river Ganges.

  1. Contemporary Issues and Physical Environments - Biodiversity.

    The desire for clean water and healthy rivers for good health, pleasure and prosperity is virtually impossible in modern times without water management. Water quality is one of the most important factors in aquaculture systems. Good water quality can decrease stress and thus the occurrence of disease.

  2. Contemporary issue assignment

    But on the flip side many Maldivians have a very different experience. Maldivian people are suffering. Fresh fruit and vegetables go directly to tourist islands, by-passing local people. The UN recently found that over 30% of Maldivian children under the age of 5 are suffering from malnutrition.

  1. Virgin Atlantic Sustainable Development Global Warming

    This would not only allow for the 'Continuous Descent Approach' to be implemented but also optimise all air crafts flight plans and consequently decrease the environmental impact of aviation. (World Bank Research Observer 2000) 3.3.3 Carbon Offsetting As part of their sustainable aviation strategy, Virgin Atlantic will be introducing a

  2. Can sustainable development be achieved in cold environments? Discuss.

    It will also be economical because these oils are co-products of food for the area. This will not only make the area energy efficient, but also sustainable in food. Hunting in tundra regions, especially by the Victorians in the whaling industry, has always been sustainable, because there has never really been over-fishing.

  1. Why, despite its relevance in today's world, is management development so problematical in its ...

    The goals are the same but its process is different. Coaching is an informal approach to management development based on a close relationship between the development manager and one other person, usually their immediate manager, who is experienced in management.

  2. The causes of desertificationDesertification is the degradation of drylands. It involves the loss of ...

    of taxes, can distort local markets and promote overexploitation of the land. Ignorance, errors, and natural and man-made disasters can also contribute to land degradation. Ignorance of the natural environment played an important role in the US during the infamous Dust Bowl of the 1930s; among other errors, during a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work