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AS and A Level: Population & Settlement

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  • Marked by Teachers essays 38
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  1. Describe and evaluate New Yorks importance as a world city and its status as a cultural melting pot

    Major radio, television and telecommunications companies in the US are based in New York as well as, news, magazines, book and other media publications. These job opportunities have attracted workers from all around the world and the businesses trade all around the world. The headquarters of the United Nations are situated in Manhattan and it also holds the seat of city government, this shows it has regional influence as well as global influence. The global impact of the Wall Street crash (1929)

    • Word count: 831
  2. Explain the geographical challenges resulting from a greying population.

    The fact that elderly people are also more vulnerable to illness it means they will require hospitalisation however, there are restriction on the amount of hours staff are allowed to work meaning the NHS will be short on staff and this will put a huge amount of pressure on the health care. As a result more money will have to be spent and consequently the only way to fulfil this demand is through increasing the amount taxpayers pay as there is fewer economically independent people so more money will need to be generated through tax in order to support the increasing number of dependants in order to fund healthcare systems.

    • Word count: 682
  3. Examine the link between deprivation and the need for rebranding in some rural areas.

    Rebranding is an important method in altering the mostly negative attitudes of people about a specific area. The method if rebranding can be used as a means of improving the quality of a place and the perception of an area. This can have a positive effect on a (rural) area as it can lead to inward investment and increased tourism. This will in turn cause a boost in the local economy as more money is being circulated across and between businesses.

    • Word count: 461
  4. Economic development has been key in reducing fertility rates.

    The DTM predicts ever-decreasing fertility rates with economic growth. Indeed, in many developing countries over recent decades, a rapid decline of fertility below replacement level was observed that went hand in hand with economic growth. Economic growth due to agricultural mechanisation and automation brought about by the Green Revolution increased crop yield exponentially, reducing the need for many farmhands. For example, Philippines?s TFR stood at 6.96 in 1960 but since the introduction of high-yielding IR8 rice, the TFR successfully dropped to 3.2 in 2005.

    • Word count: 1230
  5. Using examples to support your answer, examine the relative importance of the push factors that lead to forced and voluntary migrations

    An example of forced migration which I have studied is the migration of refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to Tanzania. The principle push factor in this migration is the deadly war that is taking place. It is estimated that 3.3 million people were killed, the largest in a war since World War II and in 2005, 1000 people were dying every day from war-related causes. This was the main push factor as people feared for their lives and ended up fleeing to neighbouring countries and if there was no war, the migration would not have taken place.

    • Word count: 932

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Referring to contemporary debates about development in East London, discuss the problems of assessing the success and failure of redevelopment through the use of available statistics.

    "Having studied these arguments, it is without a doubt extremely difficult to come to a standard, straightforward conclusion as to the success or the failure of regeneration in east London. The debates that arise over the actual need and appropriateness of some of the changes in the region that the LDDC once surveyed are still very much open, despite evidence to suggest great achievement in some sectors. Indeed, there are concerns about the paths that were followed in the hope of regeneration. The LDDC has now been disposed of, but issues may still be raised as to its equity and democratic responsibility."

  • Famine and hunger have human, not physical, causes. Discuss this.

    "To conclude, famine and hunger are not only cause by human problems, but they also have physical causes behind them. However, the problems in food production caused by physical factors have been magnified by human factors. Countries in Africa and Asia, namely LEDCs, are overwhelmed by the problems brought about by physical causes, as they do not have the money and technology to overcome these causes. However, human causes including social and economic problems have been no help in improving the situation, but have simply worsened it."

  • With Reference To Several Contrasting Cities, Discuss The Challenges And Solutions Of Managing The Urban Environment

    "In conclusion I would say both LEDC's and MEDC's have the same problems but some are on a larger scale than others for example LEDC's have a large housing problem compared to MEDC's. Most of the problems can be solved successful if the government is willing to put in the time, effort and money and the public is willing to co-operate."

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