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I am going to study Camber Sands and Fairlight to see if the hypothesis that I am investigating is true, the hypothesis is: "Coastal management is more effective at Fairlight than at Camber".

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contents Page Introduction 3 Data Collection & Recording 5 Data Presentation 9 Data Analysis 40 Conclusion & Evaluation 47 Bibliography 49 Introduction I am going to study Camber Sands and Fairlight to see if the hypothesis that I am investigating is true, the hypothesis is: "Coastal management is more effective at Fairlight than at Camber". I will use different types of equipment and many skills to present my findings in graphs, tables and various other means. The two sites that I am investigating are located in East Sussex, on the South East coast of England; I have included a sketch map below to show their locations. I have circled Cliff End, as this is the exact location where I collected my data. The beach at Camber (known as Camber Sands) has been a major tourist attraction for many years, but would not be so successful if it wasn't for the schemes that managers of this coastline have put in place. The dunes at Camber are held in place with the help of marram grass, which grows on top of the sand with long roots helping to keep the surface together. Also the blades of the marram grass catch the sand to stop it from blowing back down the beach towards the sea. Dunes form where large stretches of sand are exposed at low tide and is moved up the beach by the wind as well as the process of saltation. Some pebbles, although there are few, on the beach help trap the sand from sliding back down, until it is again moved further up the beach. The risks here are not just natural ones, the impact of the many tourists the beach attracts can also be harmful for the dunes. Trampoling by people walking over the dunes can kill the grass and damage the dunes. The main natural process that endangers the dunes is the wind, the dunes do have some protection (from the grass) ...read more.

Middle

60 U 27 26 U 10 61 U 24 27 U 8 62 U 34 28 U 10 63 U 32 29 U 8 64 U 44 30 U 10 65 U 36 31 U 6 66 U 34 32 U 8 67 U 50 33 U 8 68 U 52 34 U 7 69 U 38 35 U 15 70 U 56 Wave Data: Set 1: Wave Number Time since last breaking wave (seconds) Height (cm) Distance of Swash (cm) Distance of Backwash (cm) 1 3 14 300 150 2 2 13 250 100 3 3 13 300 90 4 4 14 280 100 5 3 13 250 100 6 3 14 300 100 7 2 13 325 100 8 3 13 300 120 9 4 14 350 50 10 4 13 300 100 11 2 12 200 120 12 3 13 350 130 13 3 13 300 100 14 4 14 270 100 15 1 13 300 100 16 3 13 310 100 17 3 13 250 100 18 2 12 300 100 19 3 12 350 100 20 3 14 325 100 Ground Cover at Fairlight Beach: Set 1: Distance Along Beach Profile (m) Percentage Cover Of Sand (%) Percentage Cover Of Vegetation (%) Percentage Cover Of Pebbles (%) Percentage Cover Of Litter (%) 0 0 40 60 0 2 0 2 98 0 4 0 10 90 0 6 0 5 95 0 8 0 0 100 0 10 0 2 98 0 12 0 0 100 0 14 0 2 98 0 16 0 5 95 0 18 0 0 100 0 20 0 0 100 0 22 50 5 45 0 24 0 0 100 0 26 90 0 10 0 28 0 0 100 0 30 90 0 10 0 32 20 0 80 0 34 0 0 100 0 36 0 0 100 0 38 0 0 100 0 40 0 0 100 0 42 0 0 100 0 44 40 0 60 0 46 0 0 100 0 48 0 0 100 0 Slope Profile Data: Set 2: Distance Up The Beach (m) ...read more.

Conclusion

But, after all of the data I have collected in this investigation, I have come to the conclusion that coastal management is more effective at Fairlight than at Camber. This is because of some of the different schemes managers at Fairlight have used. The granite bolder-revetment, which was put on the beach at Fairlight, has extremely helped the protection of the cliffs, breaking up high wave energy so that the erosion is less. At Camber, the fences around the dunes have helped keep tourists off, but not completely, as the evidence of the ground cover data proves that there is still litter around (which means there has been people there). In this investigation I have studied the two sites in detail and come to a conclusion to agree with the original hypothesis. I realise that all my data cannot be 100% accurate, for example the pebble roundness could vary depending on the person that measures it. The data I recorded was collected as accurate as possible with the equipment that I could use, obviously if I had better equipment the results may have been slightly more accurate, but I think I would have still reached the same conclusion. The investigation could be improved by taking wave data at Camber, however I did not have enough time so I couldn't include this. It could be made more reliable if I were to take readings of the data on more than one day, for example once every month for six months, this would give me a better view of all the processes going on at the two sites. However I think that I have conducted a fair and reliable investigation and as a result of this I got a good set of results, letting me find out more about the coastal management and how it is working at both sites. I have enjoyed doing this investigation and have gained a great deal from it, extending my knowledge of coastal management. ...read more.

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