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"Identify the main changes that have occurred in the tourist industry and discuss factors responsible for these changes"

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Introduction

Main Changes in Tourism Industry "Identify the main changes that have occurred in the tourist industry and discuss factors responsible for these changes" Tourism is one of the world's biggest and fastest evolving industries. Many people and even some countries depend on tourism to survive for example in places such as Cancun and Bariloche, more than 90% of the local people work on the tourism industry, in positions ranging from guides to cleaning ladies. The tourism industry has changed significantly over the past few decades, and I will analyze the main changes and the factors that led for this to occur. One of the main issues that affected tourism recently is the development in technology. More specifically two areas of technology affect tourism, transport and communication. The development has been incredible over the past decades. With the revolution that happened with the appearance of internet, the tourism industry had to adapt itself to comply with the requests of the tourists. This led to the increase in the options for a holiday. For example tickets can now be reserved and bought instantaneously online, hotels can be booked easily and even other things such as car rentals can be dealt with instantly without the tourist having to leave his house to plan and arrange his whole trip. ...read more.

Middle

This led to a general change in tourist's destinations. There has been a reduction of the share of tourists that are attracted by regions in Europe and the Americas. These places are reaching a stage called stabilization on the Butler's model of the evolution of tourist areas. A huge expansion in tourism is happening in East Asia and the pacific specially places such as Thailand, New Zealand, Japan and Hong Kong. It is interesting to point out that each of these countries mentioned have a distinct major reason for this increase in tourism. In Thailand besides looking at the cultural background, many people are going there looking for sex tourism. New Zealand besides its beautiful beaches and mountains is known as the world capital for radical sports. Japan has one of the world's oldest and most distinguished cultures, and Hong Kong is becoming one of the most important economical capitals in the world, and many people go there on business. Many people are now looking for alternative kinds of tourism, and the two that are increasing the most are ecotourism and cruises. Ecotourism is growing unbelievably fast over the past few years and people are looking for places on the involvement stage on the Butler's model. ...read more.

Conclusion

After that the amount of tourist arrivals decreased almost to zero, and only around 1980 it started to receive tourists again, mostly originated from Canada and Europe. Even today Americans that visit Cuba have to pay a fine to enter the country. Unions on the contrary increase a lot tourism in the locations. The European Union for example makes it very easy for someone from Europe to travel to another country member of the European Union, because there is no need for a Visa or any document to travel. Another example of this is the union between Canada and USA, in which flights originated from one of them to the other are regarded as national flights. From the above I can conclude that the patterns of tourism are completely dependent and related to the world, and that any event that happen be it political, fashionable or technological, may affect the tourism industry. Globalization is also closely related to tourism, and the more globalization occurs the easier it is for tourism to grow. Different kinds of tourism are appearing and growing very fast, and ecotourism and cruises will continue growing and attracting more and more tourists, until a new kind of tourism appears and the cycle will start over again. Kristian Huber 10H Geography SL Page 1 of 2 ...read more.

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