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Identify two journal articles based on empirical work that approach a subject in a contrasting manner. In each case consider the papers using the following list of questions then compare and contrast the two different approaches to the issue.

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Introduction

WORK SUBMISSION Name: Gareth John Tanswell Student Number: 030036088 University of Wales, Aberystwyth. Institute of Geography and Earth Studies Title: Doing Human Geography Module: GG12610 Lecturer: Kate Edwards Due date: 31st October 2003 (Extended due to illness) Submission date: 17th November 2003 This work is original text by Gareth Tanswell, submitted to the UWA only for assessment purposes. Signature: ____________________________________ Identify two journal articles based on empirical work that approach a subject in a contrasting manner. In each case consider the papers using the following list of questions then compare and contrast the two different approaches to the issue. * What were the main research questions? * What were the main methods of data generation? * What form did the data take? * What were the main theoretical approaches underlying the research? * What were the main findings and conclusions? The articles may be selected from the following journals between 1960-present day: * Annals of the Association of American Geographers * Geographical Review * Area * Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers * Environment and Planning A * Progress in Human Geography * Environment and Planning D * Geography Journal Journal Articles chosen: 1. ...read more.

Middle

Jo Little's main findings were that a common 'ideal' description can be made of a masculine male in the country as "The good (male) farmer is tough and strong, able to endure long hours, arduous labour, and extreme weather." She talks only of men, describing their dominance over technology as "critical" to the modern urban environment. She also identified the importance of feminine and masculine pride within the countryside as being "with nurturing and helping roles in traditional agrarian ideology"- feminine pride, whilst describing masculine pride as physical labour, including the importance of 'pub skills' in this masculine figure. She mentions Bells unease with the term he phrased 'rural gay masculinities', and his argument that rural gays 'eroticize' the countryside in a way "that opens up a space for certain forms of same-sex activity whether this is described as manly love, hillbilly priapism, or rustic sodomy" (Bell: 2000). More importantly, Little calls for an expansion on the "very limited number of studies focussing on masculinity in the society and culture of rural communities" in her article. Rural geography: searching rural geographies Roche M. ...read more.

Conclusion

He ends his article in this context: "Finally, rural geographers will continue to benefit not only from retaining but also from extending the contact with other rural studies researchers." Conclusion from the articles Both writers begin their reports with a very broad explanation of what they hoped to be able discuss in their reports. Little's possibly more detailed than Roche's because she discusses a particular aspect of rural geography, rather than all aspects. Roche only lists what will be discussed in his summarative paragraph. Both of these articles were written as appeals to the wider rural geographical community to extend research into aspects of rural geography. Both use only secondary evidence in their reports from other journal articles and books in order to give a brief overview of the way geographers have, in the past, studied rural geography. Little's appeal is for a much more focussed study, that of masculinity in the countryside, whilst Roche appeals for research into all aspects of rural geography, and closer links between researchers and rural geographers. These articles show how thin research into rural communities has become, and how dominant research into urban geography has become. ...read more.

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