• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Impacts of Tourism: Planning and Policy Development - Critically assess the key arguements regarding the outcomes of tourism in less developed societies.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IMPACTS OF TOURISM: PLANNING AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT CRITICALLY ASSESS THE KEY ARGUMENTS REGARDING THE OUTCOMES OF TOURISM IN LESS DEVELOPED SOCIETIES. One does not have to look at literature too see that the impacts of tourism has been immense in the world we live in. Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries, according to WTO (World Tourism Organization) revised estimates total international tourist arrivals worldwide come to almost 595 million in 1996. International tourism receipts for 1996 are estimated to be $425 billion (WTO, 1997). An article in the Hutchinson Educational Encyclopaedia (1999) has pointed out that tourism is worlds largest industry. It sustained 120 million jobs in 1995 accounting for 7% of the global workforce (Hutchinson, 1999). As the figures show Tourism has a major impact on the world economy. One has to realise that along with benefits tourism does also bring many detrimental affects on both the developing and developed countries. For this essay one will predominantly look at the impacts of tourism in the world we live in. One will also be looking at issues surrounding development of tourism in the world and why the public and private sectors are concerned with developing tourism. ...read more.

Middle

In 1992 it is estimated that 100 million visitors went to the Mediterranean coastline, the major problem from this mass tourism was water pollution and erosion (Burns et al, 1995). This is not an isolated case other tourist destinations have also been affected example being the deforestation of the alpine areas in the Himalayas (Croal. J, 1995). Directly or indirectly tourism is a fabric part of the worlds industries including retailing, advertising, transportation, food industry amongst others. Communication from one side of the planet to the other are very easy now thanks to advancement in technology, 'greater knowledge of the world and the perception that it has shrunk thanks to television, the internet and high speed transportation links' (Brown, 1998:18). This idea that the world is shrinking is known as globalisation. Some academics such as Plog are concerned with this globalisation process, they see it as a negative aspect of tourism. The worry of Plog is further reinforced by Brown (1998), he has hinted that globalisation process could result in cultural homogenisation or a large amount of pressure to retain cultural identity. ...read more.

Conclusion

infrastructure rather than the growth of tourism, that has been the key element in bringing about modernisation and social change (Sharpley, 1994:197). As we have seen, some academics have pointed out the detrimental effects of tourism such as crime in tourist areas. However, Pizam et al (1995) have found that tourism had a negligible effect on crime. They mentioned that tourism is a potential determinant of crime, negatively affecting the quality of the environment. One could say that the tourism development cannot be held responsible for occurrence of crime, ultimately it is the criminals who target tourists and local businesses. In conclusion I believe that one needs to understand the impacts that tourism has had on the world we live in. Many academics have mentioned the problems of development of tourism, others have showed the benefits it brings. From the discussion above one can make up their own mind and say that tourism is an essential part of life, whether it's good or bad it's open to debate. It is the worlds single largest industry and it affects every one of us, and it is safe to assume it will affect us for the rest of our lives wherever we live. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    spending around �qq.7 billion Domestic Tourists 167.3 million trips made and spending around �26.6 billion Outgoing Tourists 24.18 million trips made spending around �11.618 million Business Tourism Another significant part of the travel and tourism industry is the business tourism.

  2. The Positive and Negative impacts of Tourism Development.

    While landscape, accommodation, food and drinks, etc., must meet the tourists' desire for the new and unfamiliar, they must at the same time not be too new or strange because few tourists are actually looking for completely new things. Tourists often look for recognizable facilities in an unfamiliar environment, like well-known fast-food restaurants and hotel chains.

  1. Discuss the positive and negative economic impacts of tourism in Mallorca.

    Many people are employed by bars and restaurants also due to the high number of tourist's jobs all over the island are increased. There are three types of employment which may be generated by tourism. Direct employment involves jobs created as a result of visitor expenditure and directly supporting tourism activity such as hotels.

  2. Assess the extent to which Trans National Corporations (TNCs) have a positive impact ...

    end up spending great deals of money on wages, moreover employment levels will be desperately low in the developing countries, due to poor economy and lack of businesses, this is an advantage for the developed countries as it means there will be a good labour supply, as many people will require jobs which were not available beforehand.

  1. Can developing countries ever catch up with developed countries

    "The global system is a whole chain of metropolis-satellite relations. Each metropolis dominates, exploits and draws wealth from its satellite or satellites"15. This chain, with northern societies at the top, keeps societies in Africa, Asia and Latin America at the bottom of a global system.

  2. Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism: Antipodes

    Uncontrolled conventional tourism poses potential threats to many natural areas around the world. It can put enormous pressure on an area and lead to impacts such as soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea, natural habitat loss, increased pressure on endangered species and heightened vulnerability to forest fires.

  1. The Meaning of Globalisation and its Effects

    In democracy all people are equal this means people are valued equally. These have equal opportunities. No one is discriminated against. Moreover, groups are free to maintain their different cultures, personalities, language and beliefs. When the majorities deny rights to destroy their opposition also destroy democracy.

  2. Newly industrialised countries have been, and continue to be, the driving force of globalisation. ...

    prevalent in the countryside where it is harder to regulate such laws. Over time, the population of China may decrease and their status in being the world?s driving force for globalisation may be lost due to a lack of labourers in the manufacturing sector.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work