• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Impacts of Tourism: Planning and Policy Development - Critically assess the key arguements regarding the outcomes of tourism in less developed societies.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

IMPACTS OF TOURISM: PLANNING AND POLICY DEVELOPMENT CRITICALLY ASSESS THE KEY ARGUMENTS REGARDING THE OUTCOMES OF TOURISM IN LESS DEVELOPED SOCIETIES. One does not have to look at literature too see that the impacts of tourism has been immense in the world we live in. Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries, according to WTO (World Tourism Organization) revised estimates total international tourist arrivals worldwide come to almost 595 million in 1996. International tourism receipts for 1996 are estimated to be $425 billion (WTO, 1997). An article in the Hutchinson Educational Encyclopaedia (1999) has pointed out that tourism is worlds largest industry. It sustained 120 million jobs in 1995 accounting for 7% of the global workforce (Hutchinson, 1999). As the figures show Tourism has a major impact on the world economy. One has to realise that along with benefits tourism does also bring many detrimental affects on both the developing and developed countries. For this essay one will predominantly look at the impacts of tourism in the world we live in. One will also be looking at issues surrounding development of tourism in the world and why the public and private sectors are concerned with developing tourism. ...read more.

Middle

In 1992 it is estimated that 100 million visitors went to the Mediterranean coastline, the major problem from this mass tourism was water pollution and erosion (Burns et al, 1995). This is not an isolated case other tourist destinations have also been affected example being the deforestation of the alpine areas in the Himalayas (Croal. J, 1995). Directly or indirectly tourism is a fabric part of the worlds industries including retailing, advertising, transportation, food industry amongst others. Communication from one side of the planet to the other are very easy now thanks to advancement in technology, 'greater knowledge of the world and the perception that it has shrunk thanks to television, the internet and high speed transportation links' (Brown, 1998:18). This idea that the world is shrinking is known as globalisation. Some academics such as Plog are concerned with this globalisation process, they see it as a negative aspect of tourism. The worry of Plog is further reinforced by Brown (1998), he has hinted that globalisation process could result in cultural homogenisation or a large amount of pressure to retain cultural identity. ...read more.

Conclusion

infrastructure rather than the growth of tourism, that has been the key element in bringing about modernisation and social change (Sharpley, 1994:197). As we have seen, some academics have pointed out the detrimental effects of tourism such as crime in tourist areas. However, Pizam et al (1995) have found that tourism had a negligible effect on crime. They mentioned that tourism is a potential determinant of crime, negatively affecting the quality of the environment. One could say that the tourism development cannot be held responsible for occurrence of crime, ultimately it is the criminals who target tourists and local businesses. In conclusion I believe that one needs to understand the impacts that tourism has had on the world we live in. Many academics have mentioned the problems of development of tourism, others have showed the benefits it brings. From the discussion above one can make up their own mind and say that tourism is an essential part of life, whether it's good or bad it's open to debate. It is the worlds single largest industry and it affects every one of us, and it is safe to assume it will affect us for the rest of our lives wherever we live. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    spending around �qq.7 billion Domestic Tourists 167.3 million trips made and spending around �26.6 billion Outgoing Tourists 24.18 million trips made spending around �11.618 million Business Tourism Another significant part of the travel and tourism industry is the business tourism.

  2. The Positive and Negative impacts of Tourism Development.

    While landscape, accommodation, food and drinks, etc., must meet the tourists' desire for the new and unfamiliar, they must at the same time not be too new or strange because few tourists are actually looking for completely new things. Tourists often look for recognizable facilities in an unfamiliar environment, like well-known fast-food restaurants and hotel chains.

  1. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry and the Factors Affecting it Today

    changes, new destinations, re-established destinations, re-vamped destinations, third world destinations) * Customers (range of customer types e.g. age, social background, families, independent etc) * Time (e.g. change in pattern of taking holidays) * Activities (e.g. new activities, change in activities)

  2. Discuss the positive and negative economic impacts of tourism in Mallorca.

    Indirect employment is jobs created within the tourism supply sector but not as a direct result of tourism activity. Induced employment involves jobs created as a result of tourism expenditure as local residents spend money earned from tourism. Tourist expenditures and the export and import of related goods and services

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    Reynolds (1995) points out that the National Park Service of the United States, the largest government tourism provider in the world, faced large budget reductions in 1996. Figgis (1993) and Wescott (1995) maintain that Australian park agencies are starved for funds.

  2. Different types of travel destination. Study of Cardiff and Barcelona as travel destinations.

    The main attraction for this is Techniquest. This museum is one of Britain's leading science discovery centres and has over 120 items on display. The museum will amaze adults and children alike and make anyone who visits want to go back again and again.

  1. Post-war developments of travel and tourism

    bars * Mobile snack bars Both restaurants and takeaway markets continue to grow in the UK. It is all part of the increase in disposable income. Tourism development This bit of the industry includes tourism support and promotion services, tourist information centres and guiding services.

  2. Newly industrialised countries have been, and continue to be, the driving force of globalisation. ...

    problem, but this means that the population in the future could mainly consist of boys (since they were favoured to girls as they traditionally carried on the family name) and thus cause another population problem. Whilst the policy is now relaxed, the practise of abandoning girls for boys is still

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work