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In 1989 an earthquake hit San Francisco, on the west coast of USA, killing around 200 people. Twelve years later an earthquake hit Gujarat, in India. This time it killed approximately 30,000 people.

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Introduction

In 1989 an earthquake hit San Francisco, on the west coast of USA, killing around 200 people. Twelve years later an earthquake hit Gujarat, in India. This time it killed approximately 30,000 people. In this report I will be comparing the two earthquakes, giving reasons why the Gujarat earthquake was so much more deadly than the one in San Francisco. An earthquake is a movement or tremor in the earths crust. Earthquakes happen all the time, but some are so weak that they cannot be felt. We know when there is an earthquake by using a seismometer, which is an instrument used to measure the earthquakes vibrations. The San Francisco earthquake and the Gujarat earthquake were so powerful that the shaking of the ground caused the buildings to collapse and landslides to occur. Earthquakes are much more common in some places than others, for instance there is a long narrow belt of earthquake activity that goes down the Atlantic Ocean. ...read more.

Middle

Water mains broke and apartment blocks collapsed, the Marina District turned into a raging inferno after a broken gas main exploded in a block of flats. A mile of the two-tier road the Nimitz Highway collapsed, which was supposedly 'Earthquake Proof' but the Big Shake was too much for it. A huge section of the Nimitz fell onto the road below squashing cars into 12 inch spaces. Candle Stick Park contained 60,000 baseball fans that day and once the game began 'the skies seemed to fall' The stadium started to crack and threw chunks of falling metal at players and spectators pushing the death toll up further. Estimates stood at $7 billion the next day. And 12 years later the Gujarat Earthquake hit, this Indian Earthquake hit at 8.50am on Friday 26 January 2001. Measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale it was the most powerful Earthquake hitting India since 1950. ...read more.

Conclusion

hospitals were put on red alert and saved many lives, several huge fires were quickly brought under control by well trained fire crews, most electricity and gas supplies were reconnected within a few hours, the Golden Gate bridge suffered no damage and �10 billion was spent on repairing damage and preparing for the next quake. Whereas, in the densely populated city of Gujarat, India; badly designed and poorly built houses collapsed, crushing people inside, emergency electricity supplies and telephone links failed to work, local rescue workers were poorly prepared and arrived too late to save many lives, collapsed bridges and blocked roads hindered rescue teams, many people died of their injuries due to limited medical facilities, lack of food and unhealthy living conditions caused further deaths by starvation and disease and over a million homeless people had no shelter, warm clothing or food. These are the reasons why I think the San Francisco earthquake killed so fewer people than the Gujarat Earthquake. By Laura Thomas-Smith 9T ...read more.

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