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In the old industries, animals or humans were used to power machines.

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Introduction

In the old industries, animals or humans were used to power machines. This all changed in the Industrial Revolution, when they were replaced by water or steam powered machines. The Industrial Revolution started in the midlands and north of England, as they had a good supply of fast flowing water and a good coal supply, which was burnt to form steam. Another change was that in the old industries there were no manufacturing divides, but when the Industrial Revolution occurred, divides happened. ...read more.

Middle

In the old industries a 'domestic system' was used, where goods that were made of textiles were made in peoples homes. This all changed and inventions happened, which resulted in no longer a need for the 'domestic system'. Textile goods could be made at a much quicker rate as a result of such inventions as the 'spinning Jenny' or spinning machine, invented by James Hargreaves, in 1770. Other water-powered machines such as the 'water frame', also invented in 1770, led to mass production of cotton, which then resulted in cotton factories being built. ...read more.

Conclusion

Improvement in spinning led to changes in the other processes of cotton manufacture, for example in carding, printing, bleaching and dyeing. Advances in technology led to the use of new machinery, greatly improving the efficiency of the cotton industry. The cotton industry was quicker than the woollen industry to use these new methods. By the late 19th Century, cotton had become Britain's biggest most important manufacture and had replaced woollen cloth as the most valuable export. Modernisation and the Industrial Revolution occurred partly because of the rapid population increase, which was a good source of labour. ...read more.

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