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In the past years it has not been known if Canada should ratify and implement the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol. This idea was brought together during the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro

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Introduction

In the past years it has not been known if Canada should ratify and implement the provisions of the Kyoto Protocol. This idea was brought together during the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, where Canada and 36 other countries entered in a voluntary agreement to reduce the level of greenhouse gases, an invisible gas that traps heat from the sun and creates warmer temperatures. Scientific evidence has shown that air pollution is a local problem with global consequences. Air pollution can be justified by society's lack of knowledge of what is to happen in the future and by lack of scientific ability to reduce non-acceptable emission levels of certain highly dangerous chemicals. However, with modern day science there are warnings and also air pollution, which in terms of greenhouse gases provides us with the scientific means to reduce these emissions. Where is the justification for any country, government or individual to continue to produce unacceptable high emission levels of these dangerous gases? It is the responsibility of all countries and governments to ensure that they reduce or maintain an acceptable level of emissions. In the future they will be able to enjoy an environment that is not threatened by a large-scale production of greenhouse gases. Ratifying Kyoto is important for Canada, in part to protect its reputation as an environmentally responsible nation. "... it would be irresponsible to leave an environment deficit of climate disruption and pollution for future Canadians". ...read more.

Middle

Gas emissions from Canadian households are expected to rise to 72 megatonnes in the year 2004. The average home produces more emissions than the average apartment or condominium would. Due to better insulation and furnaces, from appliances average emissions from space heating can decline by 21 percent. Also making use of solar heat could benefit the reduction of gas emissions. Buildings in the commercial and institutional sector such as office buildings, hospitals and schools produce about 68 megatonnes of greenhouse gases per year. Now, there can be found, certain newly constructed offices and stores in Canada who uses only a third of the energy per square meter than the average building. Solutions such as standards that can be used to maximize use of waste heat, solar power or space heating, fuel cells and combined heat and power systems can help cut down on greenhouse gases. It is also possible for Canada to reduce greenhouse gases from passenger transportation by 39 percent before 2012 and by 75 percent by 2030. This can be a huge benefit to cutting down the level of greenhouse gases. More public transport, encouraging people not to each drive their proper cars and getting society to purchase fuel efficient vehicles can act as a helping hand to the environment while there is still an increased personal use of light trucks, vans and SUVs. The levels of emissions from passenger transportation can be decreased dramatically with certain examples of these precautions. ...read more.

Conclusion

Then there are oil and gas provinces such as Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia who are all nervous that they will be hit hard. As told by ( ) "The difficult journey towards global climate change has begun" Most of Canadians greenhouse gases come from wasteful energy use. They generally produce about 700 megatonnes of emissions, which account for about two percent of total global emissions. This comes from a country with half of one percent of the entire worlds population. Canada uses more energy than all of the 760 million inhabitants of Africa, as said by (). In other words the average Canadian is producing four times the global average of emissions. This information demonstrates Canada's need to make the right decision. Something has to be done. By ratifying the Kyoto Protocol Canada is demonstrating its leadership in the world community. It shows the rest of the world that Canada is ready to accept responsibility for the damage society is causing. Other benefits show job creations, cleaner air and a cleaner environment. This is an important landmark. It recognizes the very first binding international conformity on climate change that is global, both in its purpose and result. As stated by () "There is little agreement about whether Canada should act. The question, rather, is how fast we should move, and how we should allocate the costs and benefits of shifting to a sustainable, low emission economy." While there may be other countries in the world questioning the Kyoto Accord, for Canada it will not be a question but an action. 2 ...read more.

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