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India has many economic and natural advantages that should make it powerful in todays world economy. Discuss.

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Introduction

INDIA Physical Map (elevation) http://www.geographyinthenews.com/DOCS/indiarah.html Aakash Dheer IB1 HL Geography Mr. Mens Introduction India has many economic and natural advantages that should make it powerful in today's world economy. It is a country with a population only second to China, adding up to a total of just over 1 billion people. India also contains the world's fourth-largest reserves of coal. Over 56% of India's land is arable or is already being used for crops. Additionally India is the seventh-largest country in the world, with an area of over 3.3 million square kilometers. Because of these helpful attributes, India should have a huge workforce that makes it a leader in global economy. However, several factors have denied India its rightful place in the community of nations. These factors are born out of history, culture as well as bad political and economic decisions. In spite of being an agricultural country, less than one-fifth of the total land area (about 590,000 square kilometers out of 3.3 million) is irrigated. Diseases are rampant because of poverty, illiteracy and crowded living. India has the most number of people infected with HIV/AIDS in the world, with almost 4 million people living with the disease, and countless more killed as a result of it. India has one of the highest rates of malaria in the world. ...read more.

Middle

Punjab has the highest rate of all India, at 66%, but this is balanced out by Lakshwadeep's miserable rate of 9.1%. The red coded states (fertility rates above 3) contain 55 percent of the population and take up 60% of the land. The availability of contraceptives in these states is significantly lower, with the average contraceptive prevalence rate being at 31% and 6 states having rates below 30%. The highest rated state is Gujarat, at 54.5%, but is ruined by Meghalaya's dismal rate of 4.6%. Population Mortality Rate Explanation As is evident from the maps on the previous page, infant mortality and population mortality vary greatly throughout India. There are several similarities between the two maps. States that have high infant mortality rates (Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh) tend to have higher death rates as well, indicating an overall lack of adequate health care and other essential services. Other possible reasons for such high mortality rates are pollution, HIV/AIDS (which has become dangerously widespread in India recently, only worsened by the lack of good healthcare), and other terminal diseases. Unless India does something serious to combat these alarmingly high rates, people will continue to die quickly. States with low infant mortality rates (Maharashtra, Karnataka) also have low death rates, suggesting that healthcare facilities and other life essentials are adequate. ...read more.

Conclusion

This results in major pressure on the women to just sit quiet and be a housekeeper, without being able to voice their opinion. Though the realities of urban living are challenging these traditions and two income families are becoming more common in metropolises, yet in most of the country a woman's place is still the home. The literacy rate for women in all of India is only 48%. As mentioned before, there is an inverse correlation between literacy rates, birth rates, and fertility rates. History has shown that as literacy rates go up, the birth rates and fertility rates go down. With high fertility (3.1) and birth (23.97) rates, India has to act fast on getting women in to the workplace. India has to concentrate on educating and training women so that they can contribute to Indian economy and help India progress into a more developed country. However, India is on the path of development. As India modernizes, harnesses its resources, spreads literacy, provides better health care and gives its female population its rightful place, India's position in the world will become more important. If India can push the women to match the men in education, health and skills the nation would do itself a big favor. A large work force is an asset but it has to be equipped with skills and technology. Gainfully employed workforce increases productivity and that will help India improve its world position. ...read more.

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