• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Inner city initiatives provide the only mechanism for improving cities. Discuss

Extracts from this document...


Inner city initiatives provide the only mechanism for improving cities. Discuss An architect once said that 'When you look at a city, it's like reading the hopes, aspirations and pride of everyone who built it", however is this true today. Is the governments only key aims to 'cater' for everyone's needs without any thought process resting on the individuals who have lived there for so long? Within our modern society, we see things like crime, economic downfall, poverty and pollution; all these things are present in every city within the world. The governments and councils of these subsequent areas are thus on constant pressure, to supply new individuals entering their abode, be it immigrants or migrants, with housing, work and other such essentials. There have been many initiatives over the years which have taken place to re-develop some areas, to make an area more hospitable or increase the profitability of that such place. Within this essay I will look at the importance of the inner city initiatives, and conclude whether these such innate schemes are driving to what we call an 'improved city'. There are many schemes, which are being put in place throughout the UK, which main aims are to develop the inner city areas of particular cities around the United Kingdom, for example, Birmingham and London. The most famous is named the LDDC or the London Docklands Development Corporation, which was first created in 1981. ...read more.


This shows a key problem within this project, that for your project to be deemed successful they must have the full support of the locals straight away and at the beginning of the project. As without the support from the local community it can lead to a divide between new and old people, causing an unneeded social difficulty arising. This new refurbishment to the area has led to now 85,000 working at the London docklands, along with 94 architecture, conservation and landscape awards. There is a clear physical and economic difference between the previous London dockland, and the present day one and it is no regarded as an up market area - turning from a blue-collar neighbourhood to a white collar neighbourhood. Overall this scheme has improved the inner city area and was crucial for its overall success. Similar between the change in class, gentrification has occurred throughout areas of London. Gentrification is effectively the influx of middle-class citizens into cities and neighbours, and slowly displacing the lower class worker residents for example Islington and Brick Lane. There are many reasons for gentrification occurring, such as a shift in class structure - as more people become middle class, with a difference in cultural tastes and social relations. Along with, prime area being Portobello/ Notting Hill, the "artist colony" where arty and hippy like people have moved because of the "gritty" sense of authenticity of the Georgian old style housing. ...read more.


For example, Coin street in Southbank, London. Coin street is a local community that have come together to redevelop the Southbank area, this area of London previously used to be very bleak, rundown and unattractive area, with little shops and a 'dying' residential community. The coin street community builders was purchased in 1984 for �1 million; effectively a group of local people who work and live within the area, which helps to overseas the community. Similarly the Hulme redevelopment program, was a �37.5 million government regeneration package in April 1992. Its main aims were to redevelop and rebuild the house that was damaged during the world war; and overall developing of the area. However, this kind of inner city initiative only works in smaller areas. Throughout this essay I have looked at how inner city initiatives that can provide improvement to certain areas of the city. Urban Development Corporation, prime example the LDDC, has shown that these kind of initiatives can add to the mechanism of improving our city areas. However, these are not the only ways of improving our cities, such things as Gentrification can also ameliorate the surrounding areas. As the influx of middle class individuals the organic nature of gentrification will occur and the area will becoming much more of worth. This is why I believe that improving inner city areas are not only down to certain inner city initiatives, such as the UDC, city challenge and enterprise zones (like LDDC). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    How successful are the regeneration schemes in Liverpool?

    4 star(s)

    Even though it shows that the population in the city centre has fallen since 1951, the suburbs have grown. This could be for two reasons, more people moving from the city centre to the suburbs and also the regenerations schemes that have been happening.

  2. Investigation into the changes that occur as you move through from the outskirts of ...

    represent as data that would be accurate but not too time consuming and vague. I thought that if I chose too many samples the area would increase and accuracy would be lost. Once I decided on my sample size for each data collection method I chose the samples at random.

  1. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    The local councils have attracted approximately �440 million in grants since 1981. This has allowed the LDDC to offer an array of subsidies and incentives to developers, including cheap land and prepared sites. Problems have been caused due to the money going to the LDDC such as, local councils have

  2. Urban deprivation is one of the characteristics of large cities in all parts of ...

    Over five years 7500 properties were demolished mostly in the Miles Platting area. In 1961 the policy of comprehensive development took place with the clearance programme expanding in four main areas: Hulme, Beswick, Longsight and Harpurhey.

  1. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    It is possible that five rings may develop. Hoyt adapted burgess's model, diagram shows Hoyt's model, Hoyt in contrast, proposed the idea that towns grew as sectors, or in wedge shapes. This means that if, for example industry grew up in one part of the town in the 19th century, and later industries would also develop in that sector.

  2. Global Community and Immigration in the United States

    Sometimes further but that journey is much more hazardous. As to the definition of alien or illegal immigrant itself, this is a vast area of grey. "A large percentage of those in the country 'illegally' actually have the permission of the federal government.

  1. Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester

    Manchester continued to be a city of great industrial activity right into the mid 20th century. There were two main problems in Manchester's inner city. The first was that the city suffered extensive damage during the war. Manchester was a prime target for the Nazi bombing raids because of its central role to the economy of Northern England.

  2. The London Docklands Redevelopment

    Soon they could not handle it, with the growing expense of running the whole port, so they closed. The amount of space and the size of the ports were a big problem. Another problem was the fact that there were so many job losses, because of these new containers and in the end; they could not fit inside anyway.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work