• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Interdependence Report – Cambodia (Kampuchea)

Extracts from this document...


Yr 11 IB Geography: May 25, 02 By Dane Fewtrell 11.6 Interdependence Report - Cambodia (Kampuchea) Cambodia is a small Southeast Asian country that borders on the Gulf of Thailand and is situated between Laos, Vietnam and Thailand. It has a population of 12 and a half million people, and has just come through a time of great hardship that has lasted since 1975. The people responsible for this country's turbulent past are the Khmer Rouge forces that invaded Phnom Penh in the 70's. Over 1 million people died during their rule, through enforced hardship and execution. This country has seen war, human massacres, and dictatorship. Economically, Cambodia is a country discovering itself in tourism terms, with a 34% increase in tourism for the 2000-2001 period. Cambodia has a wealth of history and culture predating the Khmer Rouge tyranny and many travelers see it as an unadulterated, tourist-free experience. Cambodia's industries are in garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products (although some of these are illegal operations), rubber, cement, gem mining (another generally illegal industry), and textiles. The unemployment rate is 2.8%. 80% of all employed people are working in the agriculture sector, which consists of rice, rubber, corn and other vegetables. Exports in 2000 were $942 million and these consisted of timber, garments, rubber, rice, and fish. ...read more.


Garment enterprises now employ 150,000 workers nationwide but this figure is disputed, as many factories and manufacturing plants do not officially exist for tax-evasion purposes, so the figure is in all actuality higher. Huge openings in the markets of the American, Canada and European Union have provided Cambodia with major export partners, and given them quality standards for their products to reach. Mineral and gem mining is a big business, with police and the government coming down hard on the estimated 50% of illegal operations currently operating along the border of Thailand in the North Batdambang and South Eastern Siem Reap regions. This mining is usually strip mining, which means they take the top layer of soil, trees, rocks, natural vegetation and habitats and mine for whatever particular mineral they are looking for. This is a huge disturbance (Infact it destroys it) to any environment, and in when a company does this environmental legislation states that all soil and rocks must be replaced, and trees replanted, so that some the environment and can regrow and resemble something of it's previous appearance and function. Illegal companies do not do this reparation work and turn unique and biologically diverse area into a desolate crater, full of mining pollution and waste. The minerals being mined for are gemstones, iron ore, manganese, and phosphates. ...read more.


logging that carries the title for most urgent industry to fix, as it is destroying the forests and killing animals. This is saying the least about what the implications of this destruction may be. Slowly the government is naming national parks and declaring them forbidden to forestry companies. What is happening when companies chop trees down is that they are destroying habitats of wildlife, preventing things from ever growing again because of their wastes, and as a result reducing the total bio-diversity of the country. In these rain forests and woodlands, many endangered animals that are extinct in Thailand, Vietnam and PDR Laos, live and coexist. Species such as Asiatic elephants, tigers, lepoards, Asiatic rhino's, gibbons and crocodiles are all slowly losing their homes as the number of suitable habitats grows less and less. When deforestation occurs upstream, massive damage as a result of floods occurs downstream. This flooding affects everything, from agriculture (farms being underwater and losing crops, livestock, equipment), to towns and villages being underwater. Funnily enough, the inverse of this situation is that fisheries and their production improve greatly with the more severe floods. Most of the environmental consequences have been discussed in previous sections, so in summing up, Cambodia is a country of rich history and huge potential tourism, it's social ideals still have a fair way to improve, but in Cambodia you can see a country that against all odds has come out of political oppression and started to find it's identity and become a developed country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Scott Report and the Making of the Modern Countryside - 'How penetrating was ...

    5 star(s)

    down the number of farm workers employed."iii This was often done at the expense of ordinary maintenance work. The ability of many landowners to make necessary improvements or to maintain their farms in a good tenantable position now changed. The less productive fields were allowed to go out of production

  2. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Some mechanization is involved especially in land preparation and pest and disease control. The farmer usually owns the land and some labour is hired. Livestock These farms are also of all sizes depending on the type of enterprise e.g. fish, cattle, rabbits and goats.

  1. Case Study of Rural Rebranding by the Forestry Commission in Wales Coed-Y-Brenin Forest, Snowdonia

    * The Cafe employs 6 people. * Go Ape employs 5/6 people on a seasonal basis. * The mountain bike hire shop employs 2 people full time. * They do education. They have a leader, which has 19 education Rangers that go to schools and do talks.

  2. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    newly developed Electronic Check-Out System, which conducts a final test of each Astra's electrical and electronic systems at the end of the assembly line. After getting the approval from the CIM software module, the finished Astras leave the line and are moved to the delivery store, from where they are sent to the Opel dealers via goods train or truck.

  1. "Bottom up not top down!" Is this the way ahead for Aid and Investment ...

    a new international airport. Debt repayments can massively outweigh any aid received. Non -governmental-governmental: More responsive to the immediate needs of the population. Work at a smaller scale using technology more appropriate to the skills and needs of the locals Good at setting up initiatives at local levels so that the community can develop

  2. Were the Rebecca Riots a justifiable expression of rural discontent?

    The absent land owners were rich English speaking men who rarely visited the farmers land. The farmers' lives were controlled by the land owners, they were members of the Church of England and MP's and JP's for the area. This meant that the land owners had all the power over the welsh farmers.

  1. Opportunities in the big emerging markets (BEMs) such as India, Brazil and China.

    First, in terms of industry factor intensities, FFEs are more biased towards labor-intensive industries than DOEs. Second, within the capital-intensive industries, FFEs are relatively more concentrated in the newly developing and fast growing industries, while DOEs are more concentrated in the conventional basic capital-intensive and large scale industries.

  2. To what extent did the 'collective' farms of Eastern Europe work?

    The Nation that had the smallest percentage of agriculture actively involved in the cooperative scheme has experienced the highest percentage growth rate. This indicates to me that the Polish nation and its peasantry were more efficient and productive while farms were managed autonomously in the private sector.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work