• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

International Migration

Extracts from this document...


International Migration International Migration is the movement of people between countries. It has decreased in importance in the 20th century. In the 19th century, large numbers of people moved voluntarily to different countries or even continents in the hope of colonizing new areas. EXAMPLE: White Europeans moving to south Africa to set up gold mines and sugar plantations. However there was also a great deal of forced migration especially amongs what would now be called 3rd World countries. Bristol had a major influence on forced migration in the 18th century until it got abolished. EXAMPLE: Slaves were captured on the west coast of Africa and then shipped to the carribean where many slave masters had plantations for which they would need slaves. Slaves where traded there for things like coffe and spices which would be taken back to cities like Bristol. Nowadays International migration is a lot less significant as migration is controlled to quite a far extent. In places such as Europe people are allowed to move freely between countries like France and England. This type of migration doesn't have a huge effect on the population as it doesn't occur in large volumes. However migration from problem areas is still a problem today with an increasing refugee crisis. EXAMPLE: Afghani's moving to Pakistani boarders to try to seek refuge from the on going war in there country. Although refugees have been a constant and accepted part of human migration for centuries, the development of the nation state and fixed borders in the 19th century caused countries to shun refugees and turn them into international pariahs. ...read more.


Approximately 3.7 million East Germans fled to West Germany between 1945 and 1961, when the Berlin Wall was constructed. When refugees flee from a less developed country to a developed country, the refugees can legally remain in the developed country until the situation in their home country has become stable and no longer threatening. However, refugees who have migrated to a developed country often prefer to remain in the developed country since their economic situation is often much better. Unfortunately, these refugees often have to remain illegally in the host country or return to their home country. Forcing people to migrate is against human rights laws and in cases like in Serbia people were being ethnically cleansed and forced to move to neighboring countries. The UN is an organization, which tries to stop these kind of events from happening. In recent years 3 different types of International migration took place: From poor to rich countries Example: From Mexico into southern parts of the USA. These people are looking fro jobs and higher living standards. From drought hit countries Example: From Mozambique to other neighboring countries. Movements of political refugees Example: Jews returning to Israel, which is there Holy land set up specifically for them. Advantages and Disadvantages of Migration Advantages Disadvantages For the host country Economic Social An extra source of labour. Many bring skills and money to the country e.g. brain drain of doctors from UK to USA, voluntary workers to LEDCs. ...read more.


But Pakistani paramilitary forces have been preventing them from crossing over. There are some reports of refugees returning to their villages as Taleban forces have retreated. "We will be home for Ramadan," Habib Allah told the Associated Press news agency. He has been living in a tent for more than a year with his relatives. According to the UNHCR's representative in London, Claire Doole, some 2,500 Afghans have crossed back into Afghanistan from Iran over the last three days. Mixed feelings But there are mixed feelings about the Northern Alliance among the refugees. Many refugees from the city of Herat, which the Alliance captured on Monday, live in the Pakistani capital, Islamabad. Refugees have mixed feelings "We're happy. We've been waiting for this for years, but we'll see if (the Alliance) make the same mistakes again," Omar, a carpet seller, told the French news agency AFP. Fazul Rahim Ansari said he would go back to Herat as soon as possible. "We're all happy now. With the help of God, these guys (the Northern Alliance) won't fight against each other," he said. But social worker Rahima Delir is more cautious. "We'll see if there will be peace, then we'll go back," she told AFP. "We don't trust that there's peace yet." The UNHCR estimates some 135,000 Afghans have fled into Pakistan since the 11 September terror attacks on the United States. That is still a small number compared to the millions of Afghans who left to live in Pakistan and Iran during the years of fighting in Afghanistan. ^ BBC News ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. New International Economic Order - The international confidence in India's economy has been fully ...

    fertilisers Thousand Tonnes 3,743.00 4,082.00 Cement Million Tonnes 100.04 99.50 Aluminium Thousand Tonnes 497.90 620.40 Electricity generation Billion kWh 532.20 554.5 Originating traffic in railways Million Tonnes 478.20 504.20 * ProvisionalSource: Economic Survey 2001-02 India - Social Objectives and Welfare Education, Environment, Minorities, Health & Family Welfare Education Breakthrough In

  2. Comparing Britian to France

    Once again the graph allows you to visualise the difference in the two countries. It shows that France as a whole is paying more tax on the products that is made in their economy. This once again shows how their standard of livings may be lower as they are spending more on taxes towards the government.

  1. Demography of England.

    There has been an increase in migration, this is because of better work and educational opportunities, I.e. university. Leaving a poverty stricken country, to a better standard of living and to escape persecution or hostility. There were 239 thousand coming into the country in 1991-95 and there were 213 thousand emigrating out of this country in 1991-95.

  2. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    Consequences For The Countryside. Many families hope that when someone goes to the city she/he will send money back to the village. In theory rural areas should benefit from this, but in reality migrants are often unable to send money back home, but where it does happen rural dwellers become

  1. Labor Migration - Politics and Governance

    The Philippines, being a U.S. colony and requiring a relatively low pay, became a target for labor importation. Initially, Hawaii was not able to recruit as many Filipino laborers as they hoped to. But in 1909, the Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association amplified its financial contribution, thus increasing the number of Filipino employees.

  2. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    behaviour by the state, both benevolent and malevolent, and due to the repressive nature of both Mao's and Deng's regimes, reliable statistics on state brutality are hard to come by. The logical step is therefore to take various quantifiable and available statistics and from these construct a measure of the standard of living for the Chinese peasantry.

  1. How should we nowadays understand the Anglo-Saxon 'Invasions' of lowland Britain?

    This, probably combined with ongoing immigration, would explain the very rapid rise in the number of Germanic burials noted by Hill and Hodges. The only adequate explanation of the transformation of some aspects of the culture in Britain is therefore a sizeable Anglo-Saxon immigration.

  2. Unemployment In Pakistan.

    The causes for all this are that the literacy rate in Pakistan is very low being just 41 percent in the year 19983, which includes people who can just right their names. So the people are not aware of the fact about registering with the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work