• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Kobe Earthquake - A Case Study.

Extracts from this document...


It was 5.46am on January 17th 1995; many who lived in the port town of Kobe were still in bed, when the largest earthquake since 1923 when Tokyo was devastated and 142,000 where killed. It measured 7.2 on the Richter scale but it was not only the sheer force of the quake with the epicentre only 20km away it resulted in the destruction of many buildings and the loss of numerous lives. Kobe is positioned on the margin of the Eurasian Plate where the Philippine Sea Plate is subducted below. Immediately south of Osaka Bay is the fault Median Tectonic Line, and it was sudden movement along this fault that triggered the earthquake that hit Kobe, and devastated so many lives. The area around Kobe is built on soft and easily moved rocks, in particular the port itself, which is built on reclaimed ground. ...read more.


Emergency aid for the city needed to use these routes, but many of them were destroyed during the earthquake. Gas and electricity supplies were also damaged, like most cities, services like water, gas, electricity and sewerage were provided through a system of underground pipes and cables, and when the ground began to shake, the more rigid pipes weren't able to move as well so they split. Almost three quarters of the water supply across the entire city was cut off, gas pipes leaked gas into the air, and sewers discharged their contents into the streets. Against the fire fighters best efforts there were at least a dozen major fires that burned for up to two whole days before they were brought under control. And research has suggested that 500 deaths were due to fires, and that almost 7000 buildings were destroyed by fire alone. ...read more.


Four times a year the school children of Japan are put through earthquake and fire drills and kits for use during an earthquake can be bought from department store (these kits include a bucket-for fires, bottled water, food, radio, torch, first aid kit and protective head gear.) The government has also made a disaster prevention day every year on the 1st of September were companies and families alike can learn new and better way to act during an earthquake which could save lives this day also marks the day of the Kanto earthquake in Tokyo. As I have mentioned earlier trying to predict an earthquake is very difficult, but with careful observation of the key areas, even a few minutes of notice can save lives, such method as measuring the amounts of radon gas emitted, also changes in ground levels, and monitoring the accumulation of strain along the fault can all suggest an earthquake. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. Title : The Determination of Microbial Numbers Objectives:Practically every phase of microbiology requires ...

    is important that the number of colonies developing on the plates not to be too large. On crowded plates some cells may not form colonies, and some colonies may fuse, leading to erroneous measurements. It is also essential that the number of colonies not be too small, or the statistical significance of the calculated count will be low.

  2. Case Study of The Kobe earthquake.

    Many of the older, wooden houses completely collapsed. During the 20-second earthquake, the ground moved up to 50 centimetres horizontally and up to 1 metre vertically. The immediate effects caused some of the deaths. The secondary effects include the fires that broke out all over the city of Kobe, the congestion and chaos on the roads, the closure of businesses and the problem of homelessness.

  1. "Why did so many people die in the Kobe earthquake?"

    * By January 1999, 134,000 housing units had been constructed but some people still had to live in temporary accommodation. * New laws were passed to make buildings and transport structures even more earthquake proof. * More instruments were installed in the area to monitor earthquake movements.

  2. Why did so many people die in the Kobe Earthquake?

    till 10:30, over 5 hours after the initial earthquake that is one of the reasons why so many lives were lost. Compared with the Los Angeles earthquake exactly a year before the Kobe earthquake, one of the reasons only 50 people died in the L.A earthquake is because of the speed of the authorities reactions.

  1. Mount St. Helens - Natural disasters.

    By evening, however, USGS hydrologists had determined that there was no rise in streams draining the volcano. Additional scientists arrived in the evening to study the continued seismic activity, measure possible ground deformation on the volcano, determine the chemical composition of volcanic ash and gases, and to monitor heat emissions, water levels and water quality.

  2. comparing shrewsbury an old town an telfrd a purpose build new town

    In Telford shopping centre the shops are mainly brand name/chain shops. These will attract the most people. There are also high order shops and cafes/restaurants. Most of the banks/building societies are located near the entrances and are mainly clumped together or near each other this again is agglomeration of economies.

  1. Immediately south of Osaka Bay is a fault called the Median Tectonic Line ( ...

    All this damage was the result of just 20 seconds of earthquake. Transport and Communications Access to the sites of earthquakes is always likely to be restricted by the damage caused by the quake, because ground movements damage roads and railways.

  2. Japan 2011 Earthquake Case Study

    Marianas trench. In this same area the Pacific Plate subducts beneath the Philippine plate. Factors that contributed to the vunerability: Off Sendai there is a very old oceanic crust which is cooler and denser, it was assumed that the crust would easily slide into the mantle so only small earthquakes are predicted.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work