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Kobe, Japan 1995.

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Introduction

Quick Facts about Kobe Date: 17 January 1995 Time: 5.46am Location: Kobe, Japan Strength: 7.2 on the Richter scale Damage caused: 5500 people dead 7500 houses destroyed by fire 171,000 houses collapsed 70,000 people made homeless Total cost of damage: estimated at �64 billion In 1995, the worst earthquake recorded for a few years occurred on the western Honshu island of Japan. 5500 people died and most of them from the city of Kobe, Japans most important port. The loss of many lives shocked observers from all over the world as this country had spent millions on preparing for earthquakes. ...read more.

Middle

It recorded 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasted for 2 or 3 minutes. Through out that time the ground moved both horizontally and vertically. What were the effects of the earthquake? There are two classes of earthquake effects: Direct and Secondary Direct * Nearly 200,000 buildings collapsed * A 1km stretch of the Hanshin expressway collapsed * Several trains on minor lines were cleared when many bridges along a 130km section of a train route collapsed * 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed Secondary * Electricity, gas and water supplies were disrupted * Fires, caused by broken gas pipes and ruptured electricity mains, were alight for several days, destroying 7500 houses( mainly made out of wood). ...read more.

Conclusion

* There was an increase in the number of seismic instruments to record earth movements in the region. The Richter Scale Less than 3.5 = normally only detected by instruments 3.5 to 5.4 = often felt but rarely causes damage Under 6.0 = at most slight damage to well designed buildings. Can cause major damage to poorly constructed buildings 6.1 to 6.9 = can be destructive in areas up to about 100 kilometres across where people live 7.0 to 7.9 = can cause serious damage over a large area 8 or greater = can cause serious damage in areas hundreds of kilometres across ...read more.

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