• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Kobe, Japan 1995.

Extracts from this document...


Quick Facts about Kobe Date: 17 January 1995 Time: 5.46am Location: Kobe, Japan Strength: 7.2 on the Richter scale Damage caused: 5500 people dead 7500 houses destroyed by fire 171,000 houses collapsed 70,000 people made homeless Total cost of damage: estimated at �64 billion In 1995, the worst earthquake recorded for a few years occurred on the western Honshu island of Japan. 5500 people died and most of them from the city of Kobe, Japans most important port. The loss of many lives shocked observers from all over the world as this country had spent millions on preparing for earthquakes. ...read more.


It recorded 7.2 on the Richter scale and lasted for 2 or 3 minutes. Through out that time the ground moved both horizontally and vertically. What were the effects of the earthquake? There are two classes of earthquake effects: Direct and Secondary Direct * Nearly 200,000 buildings collapsed * A 1km stretch of the Hanshin expressway collapsed * Several trains on minor lines were cleared when many bridges along a 130km section of a train route collapsed * 120 of the 150 quays in the port of Kobe were destroyed Secondary * Electricity, gas and water supplies were disrupted * Fires, caused by broken gas pipes and ruptured electricity mains, were alight for several days, destroying 7500 houses( mainly made out of wood). ...read more.


* There was an increase in the number of seismic instruments to record earth movements in the region. The Richter Scale Less than 3.5 = normally only detected by instruments 3.5 to 5.4 = often felt but rarely causes damage Under 6.0 = at most slight damage to well designed buildings. Can cause major damage to poorly constructed buildings 6.1 to 6.9 = can be destructive in areas up to about 100 kilometres across where people live 7.0 to 7.9 = can cause serious damage over a large area 8 or greater = can cause serious damage in areas hundreds of kilometres across ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. The Kobe Earthquake

    The only way to travel around the city was to use the smaller roads that were at ground level, but many were closed by either fallen debris from buildings or cracks and bumps caused by the ground moving. In some places sections of the roads and pavements had been pushed

  2. On Tuesday, January 17, at 5:46 a.m. local time, an earthquake of magnitude 7.2 ...

    Massive liquefaction and lateral spreading took place in areas of reclaimed land and on the many artificial islands in the city of Kobe and Nishinomiya. Ejected sand from liquefaction covered much of the islands and interfered with rescue and recovery operations.

  1. The origin of the Earth

    Intermediate- and deep-focus earthquakes also occur and are known in the Himalayas and in the Caucasus. The interiors of continental plates are very complex, much more so than island arcs. For instance, we do not yet know the full relationship of the Alps or the East African rift system to the broad picture of plate tectonics.

  2. Volcanic and seismic events are major pieces of evidence towards proving that plate-tectonics theory ...

    The most significant overlapping areas consist of large volumes of sedimentary rocks which were formed due to the constructive plate boundary in which new land was created through magma rising to the surface and pushing these two continents apart.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work