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Land Use Studies Town and country planning

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Introduction

Land Use Studies Assignment 2 The government has four primary objectives for rural areas: i. To raise the quality of life and the environment in rural areas. ii. To promote more sustainable patterns of development. iii. To promote the development of the English regions by improving their economic performance so that all are able to reach their full potential. iv. To promote sustainable, diverse and adaptable agriculture sectors. (ODPM, Planning Policy Statement 7, 2004) QUESTION a. Explain what these four objectives mean. b. What are the problems associated with rural areas, and will meeting these four objectives begin to address them? Q a i) To raise the quality of life and the environment in rural areas. By developing guidelines and policies within the planning system to promote sustainable development patterns and sustainable communities in rural areas, the Government aims to achieve: * Community building In order for rural communities to sustain and enhance their identity and sustainability, planning policies dictated in Regional Spatial Strategies (RSS) and Local Development Documents (LDD) should include those which ensure that the quality of housing in rural areas is good, the quality of the rural environment is maintained or improved and that the intrinsic value of the countryside is enhanced. ...read more.

Middle

(ODPM, PPS7, 2004) Q a iv) To promote sustainable, diverse and adaptable agricultural sectors. The Government recognises the role agriculture plays in the rural economy and way of life and is continually developing strategies to increase the diversification and sustainability of agricultural practices. The Government also recognises that the industry needs to become more competitive and in order to do so encourages the diversification of agricultural activities, especially those that involve new agricultural opportunities, such as renewable energy crops. This also serves to broaden farming operations in order for farmers to add value to their primary produce. The Government has also recommended that planning authorities include policies in RSS and LDDs that encourage farmers to become more environmentally friendly, adapt to new and changing markets, both locally and nationally, and to comply with changes in legislation governing their industry. PPS7 mentions forestry operations, however these operations fall mainly under the Government's forestry policy, the England Forestry Strategy (1999) and has two main aims: i) "the sustainable management of existing woods and forests: and ii) a continued and steady expansion of woodland area to provide more benefits for society and the environment" (ODPM, PPS7, 2004) Regional and local planning bodies should take these aims into account when preparing RSS and LDDs and deciding planning applications. ...read more.

Conclusion

good reason to believe that the environmental, social and economic costs will exceed the respective benefits" (The Barker Review on Land Use Planning, 2006) Conserving the natural beauty and local characteristics of the countryside is also very important, not only in terms of economic value, but also because these qualities contribute enormously to the identity of rural areas, locally and nationally. One obvious benefit of ensuring that these qualities are preserved is that tourism and visitors contribute enormously to the rural economy. The Government recommends that local planning authorities actively support the creation and further development of tourist and visitor facilities in and around existing towns and villages. The Government has also recommended that local planning authorities allow the conversion of suitable existing buildings for the provision of visitor and tourist accommodation within the guidelines provided. The Government's strategy in addressing the problems facing rural areas is, at the moment, based mainly on improving the economic situation in rural locations. It is expected that the economic regeneration of rural areas will begin to address some of the problems facing rural areas. Planning authorities also have a duty to consider the interests of local communities, as well as giving consideration to regional and national interests and the associated environmental and economic impact that the proposed development would have. ...read more.

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