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Leisure and Recreation Industry.

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Leisure and Recreation Industry The UK leisure and recreation industry is made up of three sectors, public, private and voluntary. Public sector The public sector is the part of the economy that includes central government, local authorities and public corporations. A rough explanation is that they are owned and controlled by the government on behalf of the general public. They aim to provide a service to the public, provide employment, provide a facility and create an infrastructure for others to use (eg. Roads, railways etc.) However with the continuing programme of privatization, what are now public sector businesses could change to become private sector in the future. One example is Tourist Information centre where a programme of privatization has been considered for some time. The public sector is funded by the government from taxation and also gets block grants from the Central government. An example is Oswestry Leisure centre, which is funded by the local council and is there to provide a service to the public rather than make any profit. They obviously make some money through charging people to use the centre but this does not cover the costs of staff, maintenance, electric etc. and so the centre needs outside funding. Local Government Local government also plays a key role in the industry such as operating local leisure attractions and marketing their area by producing brochures. Many local authorities provide funds to assist the Tourist Information Centres. In transport and general planning, local authorities need to balance the accessibility and development with the needs of the environment and community, as well as the interest of tourism and its benefits to the local economy. Private sector The private sector consists of enterprises that are in business to make a profit. They are run by the money they make through users and need an advertising campaign in order to attract the maximum number of visitors. ...read more.


Catering and Accommodation When away from home for hours at a time you need somewhere to eat. The facility can be provided by a simple corner shop, a mobile fast food van and in the case of your own packed lunch a picnic area. These facilities are for people on the move who need somewhere or something to eat fairly quickly. Many people however regard eating itself as a form of leisure and choose to visit somewhere to eat, like a restaurant or pub. The demand for food is huge so the supply of it is very wide ranging providing facilities for everyone whatever their type of catering need. Because of this catering is a great example of supply and demand. If there is a demand for food then some entrepreneur will come along and supply it. Service stations on motorways are built at a huge cost to provide food a place to rest a fuel for motorists. At the other end of the range is a lay by at a main road with a small fast food van in it in which is popular with motorists. Picnic areas near the main road are also popular. Accommodation- Hotels Hotels form part of the hospitality industry, which includes restaurants, pubs, catering and other leisure facilities. The hotel market is made up of a wide range of accommodation types, from guesthouses, B&B, inns, budget hotels etc. Over the last few decades there has been a large growth in the hotel industry with more and more people staying in hotels. This is due to more business travel and also the increase in visitors from overseas in business and leisure. The majority of people staying in hotels are there on business making up about 65% of the total turnover in 1997. Most leading hotel chains have introduced business packages and invested in upgrading their facilities to suit the business mans needs. ...read more.


the football pools weekly (compare that with the 25 million who attend football matches); * gambling is most popular with people aged 25 to 54; * the number of visits to theme parks in 2001 were (in millions): Blackpool Pleasure Beach: 6.5m; Pleasureland Theme Park, Southport: 2.1m; Legoland, Windsor: 1.6m; Pleasure Beach, Great Yarmouth: 1.5m; Flamingo Land Theme Park: 1.3m. Employment Number of people employed in leisure: * Sport and other recreation activities: 412,000. * Greyhound racing: 20,000. * Horse racing and breeding: 60,000. * Casinos: 12,000. * Bingo clubs: c21,000. * Gaming machines: c23,000 Types of employment: At one stage, most jobs were permanent and full time. The situation has now changed and there are several types of employment. Self employment: is particularly relevant in the leisure and recreation. At the end of 1994, 13% of those in employment were self employed compared with 11% in 1983. Full time: A full time job normally means working for the same employer for about five days a week adding up to about 35 to 40 hours. Part time: The number of part time employees has increased dramatically in recent years, partly as a result of women working part time in the labour market. The Labour Force Survey of Autumn 1994 revealed, that on average part time employees work 15.4% of a week. Permanent employment: These are employees who have a contractual commitment to work for their employers whether full time or part time. It means that employees have an open ended contract as opposed to a fixed term contract. Temporary employment: This may be part time or full time but is for a limited period. Many tourist attractions will take on temporary employees over the busy Summer season while many hotels do the same during the Christmas period. Fixed term contracts: This is where an employee has been taken on for a fixed period of time. Professional footballers are normally on fixed term contracts after which further contracts can be negotiated or the player released. ...read more.

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