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London Docklands Case Study.

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Introduction

London Docklands Case Study The industrial revolution was in conduction when the London docklands was at its first highpoint, so trade had increased and therefore more space for ships were needed. As the space was running out, new ports were needed, so the Royal Docks were built further downstream to the first ports. Thousands of people worked in the docks by now. But this work was often dangerous and very badly paid. In the 1960's, workers complained because of this and demanded more pay, so the docklands became more expensive to run. So instead of the workers, containers, which were more efficient and cheap, were invented so workers were laid off. But still the rivers were not big enough to accommodate these ships who took the containers, so problems began again, and because of this, in the 1970's Docklands were closed. These were the reasons of decline. There was a sharp loss of workers in the Docklands, there was not enough space for many ships, many ports had to move to other parts of London, and also The Docklands closed because of this. This led to decline as businesses set up elsewhere; most of docklands became derelict land. The land was not used for a purpose anymore. Also the houses that were built there, were built quickly and the areas were set up very rapidly too, this meant that environmental quality and house quality was very bad and people did not want to live there any more. ...read more.

Middle

What the whole area needed was a nicer image as an attractive place to come and work and live with your family. Entertainment and activity centres were needed to put this image on to appeal to the families of workers to come there to live and also work, and educate their young. So the government decided to form a cooperation, which would invest in the redevelopment of the docklands, the investment was roughly �2 billion. Transport was the main investment, where nearly half of the money went. The Docklands Light Railway was improved and extended to go into other parts of London. It was also made more reliable so that it could carry more passengers. Five new stations were also developed. 72 miles of new roads were also built in the Docklands leading into other parts of the London, and some roads were improved. The new train system also is extended to go to the London City airport, so there is access between countries. The Government also invested 159 million pounds into utilities in the Docklands. These included drainage and electrical supply for houses and other buildings. There was not much of this before, so this is a sufficient. The Government also refurbished the Docks to better quality opening them up to the public - 3.7 miles (6 km) ...read more.

Conclusion

Even if they did not want to and wanted to be a commuter, the people could come through new improved transport. The new train goes to many new places now. There are also links to the airport through the train station now. And also there are plans of building the Docklands own Airport. To make the whole area seem a little more attractive and better to the wildlife, parks were put in place, with many new trees planted. Since 1981, the number of employers has more than doubled from 1021 to 2690. Employment has grown to 85,000 from 27,200 in 1981. So the employment rate has doubled and more because of this. In 1981 there were 3,533 unemployed residents out of 19,788. In December 1997 there were 2,883 unemployed residents out of 40,077. The respective unemployment rates were 17.8% in 1981 and 7.2% in December 1997. With the growth in employment has come a doubling in the population. In 1981 the population was 39,400, in 1998 83,000. Winner Loser Council Old People Workforce Not so rich people Home Developers Family Employers Small Traders From this evidence I can conclude that the whole project was very successful in spite of the winners and losers. The once rundown area of London Docklands was converted into a successful area which satisfied most family and tourist needs. The population increased, also with the employment rate, and the unemployment rate decreased considerably. ?? ?? ?? ?? Parijat Kumar Page 1 of 5 ...read more.

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