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Malthus Essay

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Introduction

Malthus essay To what extend do you think the theories of Malthus actually prediction the future of mankind? Thomas Malthus was a British Clergyman/economist. He came up with the Malthusian Theory of Population Growth. He decided that production increased at an arithmetic ratio (1, 2, 3...) while population increased at an exponential ratio (1, 2, 4, 8...). Thus Population growth would outstrip food supply, and mass starvation would follow. He thought that Man was incapable of controlling his own numbers, so disaster such as floods and epidemics serve to control/reduce his numbers. In this easy I wish either prove or disprove Mathis's theory. One issue that would support Malthus is the theory that natural disaster will serve to control/reduce his numbers. The first example of this I am going to explore is the war over resources currently taking place in iraq. The war began on March 20, 2003, when a largely American force invaded Iraq. The invasion soon led to the defeat and flight of Saddam Hussein (the Iraqi president). The U.S.-led armies occupied Iraq and attempted to establish a new democratic government; however it failed to restore order in Iraq. ...read more.

Middle

A major impact of desertification is biodiversity loss and loss of productive capacity. So desertification is limiting the amount of resources and area has by changing fertile land into desert. In Africa, if current trends of soil degradation continue, the continent might be able to feed just 25% of its population by 2025. A number of solutions have been tried in order to reduce the rate of desertification and regain lost land however none has been that successful. Desertification is an epidemic that is casing the availability of food to decline this in turn will cause famine to appear and a lose of live will follow. We can interpret desertification as a disaster that will inevitably reduce population number to a more sustainable level thus agreeing with sections of Malthus's theory of population. However there are also many factors that disagree with Malthus's theory. The first is another theory created by Ester Boserup, she states that as the population rises, agriculture productivity improves thus causing the population to continue to rise. Boserup's theory completely disagrees with Malthus's theory and her trend is visible in some places like Singapore and Argentina. ...read more.

Conclusion

China has shown that in desperate circumstances man has the ability to stop the population growth The final negative factor about Malthus's theory is that he failed to foresee the green revolution that would greatly increase food production. The Green Revolution was the worldwide transformation of agriculture that led to significant increases in agricultural production between the 1940s and 1960s. Scientists created strains of maize, wheat, and rice that are generally referred to as HYVs or "high-yielding varieties." As technology advances man is able to create more efficient food supplies and thus will not exceed the food resource limit hence the opinion that Malthus theory is incorrect. I have come to the conclusion the Malthus theory is incorrect because he failed to foresee the green revolution that would greatly increase food production. The population has not grown as rapidly as he predicted so there was not a strain on resources. He did not consider the change in technology and the way people desires would change with technology. Finally he did not believe Man was capable of controlling his numbers which China has proven to be incorrect. Concluding I think that the theories of Malthus do not have any relevance in predicting the future of mankind. ?? ?? ?? ?? Philip Berry ...read more.

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