• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Mexico and Argentina have the commonality of export economies. In other words, the rich and the poor alike relied on the exportation of agricultural goods to foreign markets.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

1. Mexico and Argentina have the commonality of export economies. In other words, the rich and the poor alike relied on the exportation of agricultural goods to foreign markets. This type of economy places heavy emphasis on the large plantation, or hacienda. Because of the latifundia being equivalent to a hacienda, a lot of money was needed to run and manage it. Of coarse, the latifundia's earnings greatly surpassed that of the mere plantation, making the rich even richer. For these reasons, "the political and social structures of both countries were conditioned by the mode of production of the latifundia." Mexican history reveals this trend in economic activity. During the reign of D�az, the country opened up new markets for its mineral and agricultural products and brought new land under cultivation. Concentration of land ownership during the Porfiriato, coupled with the loss of communal holdings, made it difficult for people to practice subsistence agriculture. D�az favored the rich owners of large estates, increasing their properties by allowing them to absorb communal lands that belonged to Native Americans. Many landless peasants fell into debt peonage, a system of economic servitude in which workers became indebted to their employers for both money and supplies and were forced to labor in mines or plantations until the debt was paid. ...read more.

Middle

He distributed 3 million acres of land to the people. Of coarse, the good land was given to the latifundias, and the marginal land to the peasants. Even after a village had received land, its prospect for success was poor. The government failed to provide the peasants with any means of getting loans from the bank, seeds, tools, or modernization. Industry occurred only on the latifundias because that is where the money was. This was the same reason that latifundia owners were granted loans; they had the money to pay them back. The Labor and Agrarian Party did manage to slow down land reform. The delayed large landowners sued to prevent land distribution. Calles, Obreg�n's handpicked successor, also neglected to provide the peasantry with irrigation, fertilizer, tools, or seed. He established a government bank that was supposed to lend money to the ejidos, promote modern farming techniques, and act as agents for the sale of their produce. But four-fifths of the bank's resources were loaned not to ejidos, but to haciendados with much superior credit ratings, and many of the bank's agents took advantage of their position to enrich themselves at the expense of the peasants. ...read more.

Conclusion

This inner circle was composed of four hundred families that were closely allied through social clubs and business associations. Geographically, most of the wealth was located in the cattle and cereal regions of the Pampas. From 1880-1912, the elite class that controlled the nation's land also controlled its politics (hence, the larger land owners, or the latifundia owners, were the most powerful politically during this time period). Later, and urban middle class arose, who was still dependent on the export economy. The lower class, conversely, was divided into two groups: workers and urban marginals. A considerable amount of workers were employed by the railways and in the Port of Buenos Aires. Mexico is still more dependent upon the latifundia system than Argentina, both socially and politically. Argentina has gone further with industrialization, creating more jobs available for the middle and lower classes of their complex class structure. Also, Mexico took much longer to set up their domestic market. By the time they were just beginning to set their goals on producing staples for their own markets, Argentina had a healthy domestic market with plenty of staples for their people. However, both countries tended to rely on exportation as a means of capital for a great deal of time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    Agro-forestry is important because the following reasons. * Environmental deterioration - due to the actions of man, natural disasters and volcanic action lead to deforestation. * High rates of oxidation of organic matter due to high temperatures as well as excessive evaporation of moisture.

  2. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    However, this can not explain the whole story. Even among industrial firms, almost 98% of all firms employ less than 500 employees (www.bundeswirtschaftsministerium.de). Resulting from this different situation is the need for a different approach to analyzing economic developments. Following the history of a few dominant firms is no longer

  1. Industrial Revolution.

    Attempts to reverse the degeneration of U.S. inner cities have ranged from large-scale programs, such as the many federally funded urban renewal schemes since the 1950s, to the recent homesteading efforts aimed at rescuing abandoned housing. The 1970s and '80s saw a movement toward "gentrification" of some areas by middle-class

  2. To what extent do the sources agree that Russian Government Policy on agriculture consistently ...

    'The peasants are very hostile towards the law of 9 November', this quote from account B supports the peasants resistance towards agriculture reform, however it does not question the failure of the reforms. Account B is written by a Tsarist official, in 1996 which limits the sources value as we

  1. Were the Rebecca Riots a justifiable expression of rural discontent?

    This source shows that the farmer only eats what he can afford to eat. He has to sell most of the food he grows. The working conditions of the farmers were primitive and their methods were physically demanding. A letter written by Rev J Evans states, "The ploughs of the country are...awkward.

  2. To what extent do the sources agree that the Russian government's policy on agriculture ...

    redemption payment. Source 2 illustrates peasant resistance as it points out clearly in source 2b "that the peasants were very hostile to the Law of 9th November" this statement might suggest physical resistance. However it is possibly mainly resentment expressed by the peasants in this source as it can be

  1. The Industrial Revolution

    Spinners were busy, but weavers often had to be idle for lack of yarn. In 1733 John Kay, a Lancashire mechanic, patented his flying shuttle. Weaving could then be done more quickly, but it still was delayed until yarn was available in more abundance.

  2. Why is the issue of agricultural subsidies such a contentious issue in WTO negotiations?

    Also agriculture is huge contributor to these nations' GDP. So the nature of agriculture is subsistence as far as South is concerned. On the other hand, North is not dependant on agriculture for employment. Also the share of agriculture in GDP is low.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work