• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Negative Aspects of Development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Olga $. 29.10.03 Mr. Buckley 12 Economics HL LDC #7 Negative Aspects of Development As more countries tend to develop and grow, the more negative aspects and concerns tend to arise. Aspects such as pollution and environmental degradation, cause damage to our society and environment. Pollution is "the act or process of polluting or the state of being polluted, especially the contamination of soil, water, or the atmosphere by the discharge of harmful substances" [www.dictionary.com]. Degradation can be defined as poverty or suffering dreadful conditions. Once more the "clash of opinion" [Alan Glanville] over development versus growth will be mentioned in this paper. The concern As population increases the environment can be degraded, through putting too much pressure on the land. In parts of Africa, Latin America and Asia one of the major problems is the soil erosion, since people need marginal land for farming, they move to live on the hills. In order to fabricate fuel, forest cover has to be cut and therefore trees go lost. There are much more trees cut, than planted as stated by Alan Glanville. ...read more.

Middle

This is a major problem in rich countries, which should be dealt with urgently. If or when LDCs rapidly grow, the pollution status will increase by a multiple. China is an example of that increase. As stated in Glanville, China contains over 500 bicycles for every car, though only 10% of Chinese households own a refrigerator. China is known as the fastest growing country in the world. As people will to raise their standards of living, they do not consider that with an extra unit produced our society and environment is effected in a negative way. Such as if more cars, more ships, trains or planes are produced, that pollute our system and air, this shows the negative aspects of development. The belief over development versus growth is one of the most "fundamental" in the study of development economics. During development improvements are included which are distributed throughout the population. Which means that income is distributed more or less evenly. Growth is usually considered to be better than development, and given more precedence. ...read more.

Conclusion

People that use cars and pollute the atmosphere, cause a damage to out environment, even though they don't pay enough for polluting. PMC is the private marginal cost which includes private costs. The firms pay for the cause of pollution. Whereas when the second supply curve is caused the social marginal cost is shown, where the social societies pay for the pollution, the polluter pays as well. SMB shows the social marginal benefit which the society gets from the good. Kyoto is an arrangement to solve the problem. Production Possibility Frontier (PPF) The Production Possibility Frontier from point D to G, shows economic growth. Economic growth and economic development are very relative to each other. Growth involves development, where there is growth there is also development. From G to D there would be anti-growth or negative aspect of economic development, which would also cause a decrease in national output. The more economic development will occur, with it there will be more negative aspects to it. Of course it is good to have high standards of living, though people must also see the damaging sides to the well being. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. The causes of desertificationDesertification is the degradation of drylands. It involves the loss of ...

    communities, especially in larger countries, the decentralized involvement of stakeholders and natural resources end users in the development process for a variety of programmes beyond the Convention, aided by consultative mechanisms at the regional and local levels, the establishment of national information systems on desertification to enhance information flow between

  2. Why, despite its relevance in today's world, is management development so problematical in its ...

    For the purposes of formal management development was defined as involving those activities that were components of a structured plan or program of development initiatives. Informal management development was defined as embracing all other types of activities that were not part of a structured program but which might still include formal channels.

  1. The Ozone a Hole in the TheoryThe protective ozone layer around our world undergoes ...

    Even if the theory is wrong, we will be doing the right thing in terms of economic and environmental policy(One of President Clinton's top advisors)(Limbaugh-181)." Liberals accept, but ignore the fact that fifty-three percent of scientists do not believe in the greenhouse effect while only seventeen percent do(Haimson).

  2. Managing a habitable planet

    The trend towards standardization and reduction in diversity are just two problems associated with the global dependence on oil. In order to manage a habitable planet, it is crucial that we do not exceed environmental carrying capacities whilst at the same time attempt to correct the imbalances associated with the global distribution of wealth and resources.

  1. Virgin Atlantic Sustainable Development Global Warming

    (The Economist 2006) Airlines incur the benefit of not having to pay tax on the fuel they use when they fly internationally. This means that on long haul flights aircraft can pump tones of carbon dioxide into the earth's atmosphere without having to pay for it or think about the consequences.

  2. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    the views of their stakeholders in order to get new and different ideas on their plans. Additionally, the developers will experience a few private costs and benefits. For instance, the main benefit they would gain is profit from the residents and local businesses, i.e.

  1. Deforestation and Desertification

    There are other reasons for deforestation, such as to construct towns or dams, which flood large areas and using wood for fuel. As a consequence of deforestation, there are many effects on the environment and the animals. The immediate and long-term consequences of global deforestation are almost certain to jeopardize life on Earth, as we know it.

  2. The Polluter Pays Principle

    monetary terms such as a penalty not greater than a fine (multa) of one hundred liri but it can go in both ways meaning imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years. Therefore article 9 (2) (n) lays down punishments.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work