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New York -megacity

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A megacity is defined as a city with a population exceeding 8 million. In 1950, only London and New York City satisfied this definition. In 2000 there about 28, of which 22 were in LEDC's. A megacity in an MEDC, is New York founded in 1609, the largest city in North America, located at the mouth of the Hudson river with an area of 900 square miles and a population of 18.1 million people. New York is also one of the world's pre-eminent financial, commercial, and cultural centres. Situated on the east coast of the USA, about midway between Washington DC and Boston, New York lies on the same latitude as Rome and Istanbul. However it experiences a very different climate, with bitterly cold winters, often with heavy snow and very hot summers. The city's origins date back to 1609, when European colonists set up a trading post on Manhattan Island at the mouth of the Hudson River. ...read more.


Until the 1950's, New York was by far the world's busiest seaport and, although it has declined in importance since the opening of the St Lawrence Seaway in 1959, it remains the second largest seaport in the USA. Spanning the East River, Brooklyn Bridge was the first suspension bridge to be made of steel. Despite the deposition of 10 million cartloads of stone and earth to create Central Park in 1858, outcrops of the hard rock on which Manhattan's skyscrapers are built are still visible. Skyscrapers can only be built where there are solid foundations. Most of the tallest buildings in Manhattan are built on granite to the south and centre of the island. Completed in 1930, the stainless steel art deco tower of the 77 floor Chrysler Building is one of the best known landmarks of central Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty which was unveiled by President Cleveland in 1886, stand in New York Harbour. ...read more.


It also adjoins other urban areas, such as New Jersey, from which it draws some of its workforce. By 1930, New York was the largest city in the world, the solid bedrock of Manhattan Island providing a firm foundation for some of the world's tallest buildings, including the Empire State Building, 1,250 ft high, which was completed in 1931. For a long time, New York was the world's biggest industrial centre, but competition from countries with cheaper land and labour had a devastating effect. Over three quarters of a million factory jobs disappeared between 1960 and 1990. However, as both shipping and industry dwindled, the city reinvented itself as a centre for stock market traders, currency traders and investment bankers. At the beginning of the 21st century, New York remains one of the world's most dynamic, prosperous and influential cities and its skyline, with its towering skyscrapers, remains one of the great icons of modern urban life. ...read more.

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