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one child policy

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Introduction

CHINA: An example of Malthus's Negative Checks China's population policy: A social solution to the country's population/ resources imbalance. Year Birth rate Death Rate Total pop. (millions) 1949 36 20 610 1965 37 10 720 1992 20 7 1180 2002 15 8 1305 Predicted population (1995)- 1,192 million Optimum population- 700 million (est. 2080) � China houses 21.4% of the world's total population, 1,192 million people, but there is an imbalance between population and resources. China only has 8% of the world's bio-climatic resources, 10% of the fresh water resources, 5% of the fossil fuels, and 4% of the non fuel minerals. This shows that the country doesn't have a fair share of the world's resources for its large population. �The regional differences effect food production as 25% of the land is infertile mountain or deserts, 13% forests, and 50% only suitable for pasture. This means that only 10% of the land can be used for agriculture to produce food for Chinas massive population. ...read more.

Middle

It was enforced by; paying incentives, fines for failing to follow the policy, compulsory abortions and sterilizations, contraceptive advice freely available, granny police and The marriage Law encourages late marriages, late childbirth's, one child per couple. Having one child is really encouraged, use of propaganda such as posters help this, also the state controls the media so they get to chose what the public see and hear so can make sure it supports and encourages their policies. In urban towns the policy was accepted however in rural villages there is a strong preference for boys as they support the parents in old age so they may have more than one child to ensure that they have a son, there is a 2:1 ratio of children in rural families to urban families. Since the introduction of the one-child policy, the fertility rate in China has fallen from over two births per woman (already a sharp reduction from about five births per woman in the early 1970s) ...read more.

Conclusion

There will also be a decline in the number of girls because if parents are only allowed one child then they prefer it to be a boy. Boys carry on the family name and are better labourers, it's also a tradition China that once the children grow up they look after their parents and grandparents. If your only child is a daughter then she will move to her husband's family leaving no other offspring to take care of the parents. The scheme has caused a number of problems in China. This is particularly the case for hundreds of thousands of young females. Many thousands of young girls have been abandoned by their parents as the result of the one child policy. Many parents in China prefer to have a boy to carry on the family name. As a result large numbers of girls have either ended up in orphanages, homeless or in some cases killed. Also, 90% of foetuses aborted in China are female. Disasters such as the earthquake which caused a school to collapse and the children inside to die mean that whole generations of children are wiped out. ...read more.

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