• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Organization development (OD) and organizational change are to all intents and purposes the same thing". Discuss.

Extracts from this document...


"Organization development (OD) and organizational change are to all intents and purposes the same thing". Discuss. The nature of organizational change is very much at the core of working in the profession of OD. Organizational change and organization development are often referenced together. Both OD and organizational change have similar purposes, to improve organization effectiveness, the differences may lie within their characteristics and methods. First, this essay will begin with an attempt to identify and distinguish the definition of organizational change and organization development (OD). Secondly, this essay will discuss the relative similarities of OD and organizational change. Key relationship and their differences will be pointed out. To conclude with, the essay will discuss into whether or not OD and organizational change are to all intents and purposes the same thing. Harvey and Brown (2001) suggest that 'the primary focus of organizational change is unplanned changes from within the system in response to crises and life cycle consideration'1. Because the organizations are operating in an open system whereby it is directly influenced by the environment, there are external as well as internal triggers that force organizations to adapt and respond to changes. These factors may include; technology, customers needs, competitors' activities, changing economic conditions and legislation. These factors drive organizations to change and to closely interact with its operating environment in order to achieve 'the state of dynamic equilibrium', and improve in its operation. ...read more.


The notion 'planned' implies that the system of change is not a temporary one however; it looks at long-range effort to solve problems and to improve organization performance and efficiency. This OD system of change is viewed on 'organization-wide' basis means that OD focuses on the total system and according to Harvey and Brown (2001), it is not a micro approach to change. The emphasis here is on the development of the organization as a whole unlike management development, which highlights the progress of changing the behaviour of the individuals. This macro-level of change in turn, needs all the supports it can get from to top management for it to be effective and successful. Organization development, as being implemented organization-wide also need the support of individuals throughout the organization as well as from the top-management level. OD is an effort to increase organization effectiveness and health shows that its objective is to improve the organization as a whole via enhancing efficiency and competitiveness of its workforce. Once the preparation is sufficient, using OD activities means planned intervention can be proceed to make permanent changes to the processes within the organization. This is done using behavioural science knowledge, the knowledge gathered through the study of the interactions of business activities, understanding of the workforce, and the business system. ...read more.


if change the structure of the organization, this has an affect on people, as empowerment could both motivate and demotivate the workforce. The second argument here is that, if there is a problem in one area, organization can intervene that area to solve the problem. Where organizational change in this essay, is only the process to identify the need for changes in the dynamic environment, OD implies the long-term plan, intervention process to improve the organization. Huse (1980) identified ten basic classifications of OD interventions. This includes (1) the intervention of the human process (training groups, individual consultation and process consultation), (2) technostructural (Job redesign, and TQM), (3) human resource management intervention (personnel systems, reward system and performance appraisal) and (4) strategic intervention (organizational redesign, and cultural change). To conclude with, the nature of organizational change is very much at the core of organization development. Organizational change and organization development complement each other and are often referenced together. Both OD and organizational change have comparable purposes; to improve organization effectiveness and both emphasizes environmental changes. To an extent, OD incorporates organizational change. Organizational change is a stage of an OD program that detects and responses the need for change from an unplanned basis. Changes can be both planned and unplanned and OD is a deliberate process to improve the organization at all levels. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to ...

    However, the boundaries of these categorisations are often unclear and some issues and writers would prove difficult to place. Both the divisions of frameworks and the shapes of them are often unagreed between the scholars of the subject. 'Approaches' is an undoubtedly better term to use instead of 'categories', as

  2. Climate change

    Germany, Denmark, the US, Italy, Spain, China and India all have more wind capacity than us. Canada, France and Portugal are at about the same level or slightly less but, last year, they all grew faster than us. * When heat and transport energy is included, the UK ranks near the bottom of the EU league table for renewables development.

  1. To what extent are cold environments fragile environments and how far does this affect ...

    The Madrid protocol goes one step further in trying to keep the environment natural, by many clauses. First is the total ban of mining for 50 years, and designated the continent as a 'natural reserve devoted to peace and science'.


    External forces for change can be influenced by new technologies, competition, politics, legislation, tax structures, anticipation of future opportunities and market forces. Organisational change within the Private Sector is necessary due to pressures from various environments. Some pressures for change can be due to changing patterns of work and the nature of the workforce, customer expectations and conflict within.

  1. Can sustainable development be achieved in cold environments? Discuss.

    As long as the fishing industry is considered more of a harvest rather than collecting every fish in the sea, the tundra food sources should be available for future generations.

  2. In this paper we'll take a look at changes which each organization may face, ...

    Perhaps the most familiar instance of this kind of change is the change or version control aspect of information system development projects. However, these internal changes might have been triggered by events originating outside the organization, in what is usually termed "the environment."

  1. This essay seeks to understand how Organisational Development focuses on the planned approaches and ...

    Its planned approach resolves group conflicts and improves their performance with less effort than would otherwise be necessary by brining together managers, employees and other staff members. In this way it enables better use of financial, human and technological resources.

  2. The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent ...

    3.2.2: Obesity Obesity results in increasing the type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and cholesterol. The most up-to-date Health Survey for England (HSE) illustrates that nearly 1 in 4 adults and over 1 in 10 children aged 2-10, are obese.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work