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Outline the regeneration of the London Docklands

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Introduction

The London Docklands The London Docklands is an area of land located in East London along the river Thames as you can see on the right hand side, overtime this area flourished and at its peek became the largest port in the world, now however it is full of large multinational companies and residential areas, so what happened to the Docklands? The London Docklands also known as the Isle of Dogs, supposedly due to there being Royal kennels there in the 13th century, despite being a port for over 800 years the docks only seemed to boom in the medieval times and became the main port in the country for trades and ventures with ships like the Mayflower setting out from there in the 1620's. In 1802 the opening of the West India docks made the London Docklands grow to be the largest port in the world stretching from the Tower of London up to Barking, it consisted of several different docks combining to become the London Docklands. Throughout the 19th century the Docklands experienced great wealth with cargo coming form all over the world, the inhabitants of the docks experienced a lifestyle quite unique to the country at the time. With the shipping of raw materials brought about processing plants, ship repair and heavy industries, also flourished, and making this a key economical site for the country. ...read more.

Middle

time consuming, and with companies constantly looking to become more and more efficient coastal ports close to London with good transport links, like Felixstowe and Tilbury, became the best option, given these ports were located on the coast there was no risk of congestion, and they were no were near as big as London so the issue of space and congestion was removed. Transport to these places was also improved with the creation of motorways and improved rail links around the country meaning that the port could be located anywhere in the country and the goods could travel the large distances needed meaning the need for localised ports was important now hence there is a gradual closure of smaller ports throughout the country. There was also a threat of competition from other coastal ports near by that could unload bigger ships faster and with a cheaper work force than at the Docklands so naturally businesses began to shift their industries to theses areas again like Felixstowe. It was a combination of these effects that led to a gradual closure of the London Docklands with the biggest blow coming from the closure of the Royal Docks between the mid 1960's and early 1970's, which was a huge blow to the docks. During the decline of the docks, unemployment in the docklands area reached 20% (150,000 people lost there jobs) ...read more.

Conclusion

Like wise with buying property, in the docklands to buy a one bedroom apartment can cost up to �365,000 on a lease hold as opposed to out of the area where a one bedroom apartment would cost perhaps a third of that and be freehold. This high land cost means that the average family can't really afford to live here so the majority of housing is owned by young professional couples that work for big companies, again making a better image for the Docklands. It is a similar story with commercial office spaces in the area with the cost of rental of land now averaging about �26 per square foot, given that 200 square foot is said to be sufficient for two people it is clear that the cost soon escalates, and it is a similar story with light industrial spaces. But it doesn't stop there, still now there are new developments going into the area that will further increase the cost of land in the area. However despite all these new developments The London Docklands Development Corporation was keen to not loose the docklands historical past so today we find that the new developments are incorporated into the old docks, with the original cranes still a main feature and also the river itself incorporated wherever possible as a reminder to the Docklands past. ...read more.

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