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Outline the ways Manchester has attempted to regenerate its CBD and inner city areas.

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Introduction

Helen Rowley Oct 2003 Outline the ways Manchester has attempted to regenerate its CBD and inner city areas. The decline of industry in Manchester during the late twentieth century was the beginning of the regeneration initiatives in deprived areas. Strong centrifugal forces led to the decline of population in the city centre. Employment was low especially in inner city areas; figures dropped dramatically from160,000 in 1961 to 99,000 in 1991. The focus of great concern was on population decline and increasing poverty in inner city areas. Many initiatives were previously established by governments in order to renew these areas through economic, social and environmental strategies. These failed as there were disputes about the way the increased tax was benefiting the local area, other weaknesses contributed to this also. The increased poverty in inner-city areas due to high unemployment rates led to low quality of life for inhabitants where crime rates were increasing rapidly. Regeneration is the investment of capital and ideas into an area to revitalise and renew its economic, social and environmental condition. In recent years, the most common type of areas in Britain to be regenerated has been the inner city. Key elements of regeneration are slum clearance and housing renewal, new industrial growth and development, improvements to transport systems and environmental improvements. ...read more.

Middle

The initial effort needed to bid for government funding is immense and if unsuccessful all effort is wasted. This narrows the amount of cities that choose to bid for funding. This means that those cities that are desperate for funding don't often succeed in the bid, which contributes to an uneven distribution of funding. Hulme has been an exceptional success because the changes have been immense. The house prices are rising faster than the national average and are being sold rapidly with an appeal to a wide range of families. Employment rates are increasing. The regeneration has changed the social fabric of the area producing a strong community. An estimated �60 million has been spent over the last ten years on redevelopment from private sector investment. The City Challenge has provided �38 million along with significant funding from European Union to regenerate infrastructure in this area of Manchester. The main problem Hulme faces now is maintaining this situation, as the money is only temporary along with government input. This has only kick-started the redevelopment, a lot still depends on private investment to maintain this. Salford Docks was heavily in decline and in a derelict state. In 1984 the Salford City Council along with private investment including the lottery gave huge amounts of funding for regeneration in this area. ...read more.

Conclusion

A modern new look with more office space, and high-tech equipment, which increased the number of new businesses in the region. In conclusion each individual project was successful when success is based on figures and more economically stable area. Development and regeneration has attracted a wide range of people and businesses each area. However success can only really been determined using hindsight and the sustainable change of each project, which is difficult to define at the moment. The key to each of these methods of regeneration has been to increase the influx of people to an area. With people come development, businesses and economic stability. However funding is the kick-start to each of projects. Preparing sites for new businesses, marketing the area, investing in new infrastructure and improving the environment as they have done, should achieve these goals. The main emphasis of each project has been on economically developing industry and infrastructure. A problem that may become apparent in these areas in years to come is the social impact that this might have. An example of this is in Hulme. On the High Street the main store (Asda) will deprive the smaller stores of customers due to its popularity. This would mean the smaller, nearby stores will close therefore decreasing population and employment rates. Problems that face individual areas, is the regression of the development, depopulating the area due to counter urbanisation or other areas increasing in popularity. ...read more.

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